November 29, 2015

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What treatments are available for constipation?

There are many treatments for constipation. The best approach relies on a clear understanding of the underlying cause.

Dietary fiber and bulk-forming laxatives to treat constipation

The best way of adding fiber to the diet is increasing the quantity of fruits and vegetables that are eaten. This means a minimum of five servings of fruits or vegetables every day. For many people, however, the amount of fruits and vegetables that are necessary may be inconveniently large or may not provide adequate relief from constipation. In this case, fiber supplements can be useful.

Fiber is defined as material made by plants that is not digested by the human gastrointestinal tract. Fiber is one of the mainstays in the treatment of constipation. Many types of fiber within the intestine bind to water and keep the water within the intestine. The fiber adds bulk (volume) to the stool and the water softens the stool.

There are different sources of fiber and the type of fiber varies from source to source. Types of fiber can be categorized in several ways, for example, by their source.

The most common sources of fiber include:

  • fruits and vegetables,
  • wheat or oat bran,
  • psyllium seed (for example, Metamucil, Konsyl),
  • synthetic methyl cellulose (for example, Citrucel), and
  • polycarbophil (for example, Equalactin, Konsyl Fiber). Continue Reading
Reviewed on 7/16/2015
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