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Codeine

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Brand Name: None

Generic Name: codeine

Drug Class: Antitussives; Antitussives, Narcotic, Opioid Analgesics

What Is Codeine and How Does It Work?

Codeine is a prescription opioid analgesic indicated for the relief of mild to moderate severe pain where the use of an opioid analgesic is appropriate.

Codeine is not available under different brand names.

Dosages of Codeine

Adult and pediatric dosages:

Tablets, schedule II

  • 15 mg
  • 30 mg
  • 60 mg

Oral solution, schedule II (pediatric dosing only)

  • 30 mg/ml

Injection solution

  • 15 mg/ml
  • 30 mg/ml

Dosage Considerations -- Should Be Given As Follows:

Adult Dosage Considerations

Pain

  • 15-60 mg orally/subcutaneous/intramuscular every 4-6 hours as needed, not to exceed 360 mg/day in opiate naive patients

Dosing considerations

  • Patients with prior opioid exposure may require higher initial doses

Pediatric

  • 0.5-1 mg/kg orally/subcutaneous/intramuscular every 4-6 hours as needed, not to exceed 60 mg/dose

Dosing considerations

Cough

Adult

  • 7.5-20 mg orally every 4-6 hours as needed, not to exceed 120 mg/24 hours

Infants

  • Safety and efficacy not established

Children

Children: 2-6 years

  • 1-1.5 mg/kg/day divided every 4-6 hours orally/subcutaneous/intramuscular; not to exceed 30 mg/day

6-12 years

  • 1-1.5 mg/kg/day divided every 4-6 hours orally/subcutaneous/intramuscular; not to exceed 30 mg/day

Children over the age of 12 should be dosed as adults.

Pediatric Dosage Considerations

  • Potential toxic dose for children under 6 years: 2 mg/kg
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/14/2017



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