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Copper

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Brand Name: N/A

Generic Name: Copper

Drug Class: Trace Elements/Metals

What Is Copper and How Does It Work?

Copper is an essential trace mineral present in all body tissues. It is available by prescription and over-the-counter (OTC). Copper works with iron to help the body form red blood cells. It also helps to keep the blood vessels, nerves, immune system, and bones healthy. Copper also aids in iron absorption.

Copper exists naturally in oysters and other shellfish, whole grains, beans, nuts, potatoes, and organ meats such as kidneys and liver, are good sources of copper. Dark leafy greens, dried fruits such as prunes, cocoa, black pepper, and yeast are also sources of copper in the diet.

Dosages of Copper:

Adult and Pediatric Dosages

Capsules

  • 5 mg

Tablet

  • 5 mg

Intravenous Solution

  • 0.4 mg/ml (10 ml)

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

Adult dosages:

Dietary supplement:

  • 2-5 mg orally each day, not to exceed 8 mg per day
  • Alternatively, parental nutrition: 0.3-0.5 mg per day intravenously or 0.5-1.5 mg per day intravenously (per manufacturer)

High Output Fistula (intestinal failure)

Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)

  • Males: 900 mcg/day
  • Females: 900 mcg/day
  • Pregnant: 1,000 mcg/day
  • Nursing: 1,300 mcg/day
  • Upper limit (UL) (over 19 years old): 10,000 mcg/day

Pediatric dosages:

  • Parental nutrition: 20 mcg copper/kg per day intravenously

Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA)

  • Infants 0-6 months old: 200 mcg/day
  • Infants 7-12 months old: 220 mcg/day
  • Children 1-3 years old: 340 mcg/day
  • Children 3-8 years old: 440 mcg/day
  • Children 8-13 years old: 700 mcg/day
  • Children 13-18 years old: 890 mcg/day
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/16/2017



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