May 24, 2017
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Ginkgo Biloba

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Brand Name: Eun-haeng, Fossil Tree, Ginko Biloba, Ginkyo, Icho, Ityo, Japanese Silver Apricot, Kew Tree, Maidenhair Tree, Salisburia, Silver Apricot

Generic Name: ginkgo biloba

Drug Class: Neurology & Psychiatry, Herbals

What Is Ginkgo Biloba and How Does It Work?

Ginkgo biloba is an herb used to treat altitude sickness (prevention), cerebral vascular insufficiency, cognitive disorders, dementia, dizziness/vertigo, intermittent claudication, macular degeneration/glaucoma, memory loss, premenstrual syndrome, SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction, and as a vasodilator.

Documented increases in cerebral blood flow (greater effect in patients 50 years and older).

Documented increase in peripheral blood flow in diabetes, intermittent claudication, and hearing loss.

Studies underway for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)-induced erectile dysfunction; initial results are positive.

Ginkgo biloba is available under the following different brand and other names: Eun-haeng, fossil tree, ginko biloba, ginkyo, icho, ityo, Japanese silver apricot, kew tree, maidenhair tree, salisburia, and silver apricot.

Dosages of Ginkgo Biloba

Altitude Sickness, Prevention

Leaf extract:

  • 80 mg taken orally two times daily

Cognitive Function

Leaf extract:

  • 120-600 mg taken orally two times daily

Dementia

Leaf extract:

  • 120-240 mg taken orally in divided doses two to three times daily

Intermittent Claudication

Leaf extract:

  • 120-240 mg taken orally in divided doses two to three times daily

Premenstrual Syndrome

Leaf extract:

  • 80 mg taken orally two times daily; start on day 16 and continue until day 5 of next cycle

SSRI-induced Sexual Dysfunction

Leaf extract:

  • 60-240 mg taken orally two times daily

Vertigo/Tinnitus

Leaf extract:

  • 120-160 mg/d taken orally in divided doses two to three times daily

Raynaud's Disease

Leaf extract:

  • 360 mg/d taken orally in divided doses three times daily

Normal Tension Glaucoma

Leaf extract:

  • 40 mg taken orally three times daily for 4 weeks

Other Information

Leaf extract:

  • Standardized to 24% flavonoids, 6% terpenes

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

There are no dosage considerations for use of gingko biloba.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/14/2017



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