May 25, 2016
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COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) (cont.)

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Can COPD be prevented?

Except for COPD due to genetic problems, COPD can be prevented in many people by simply never using tobacco products.

Other preventive measures include

  • Avoiding wood, oil, and coal-burning fumes
  • Limiting one's exposure to air pollutants
  • Getting vaccines to avoid infections can help reduce lung damage and the COPD symptoms that accompany lung damage.

What is the prognosis for a person with COPD?

For people with mild COPD (stage I) the prognosis is very good and they may have a relatively normal life expectancy but this decreases as the severity of staging increases.

People with COPD who are admitted to an ICU have an estimated death rate of about 24% and this rate can double for people over age 65.

The average life expectancy of a COPD patient who undergoes a lung transplant is about five years.

People who have COPD and continue to smoke, have a rapid decline in FEV1, who develop severe hypoxemia, develop right-sided heart failure and/or have poor ability to do daily functions usually have a poor prognosis.

REFERENCES:

Kleinschmidt, P. "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Emphysema in Emergency Medicine." Medscape. Jun 06, 2014
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/807143-overview>

Mosenifar, Z. "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)." Medscape. Updated Oct 30, 2014.
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/297664-overview>

American Lung Association. "COPD."
<http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/copd/>

American Cancer Society. "Prescription drugs to help you quit smoking." Updated Feb 06, 2014
<http://www.cancer.org/healthy/stayawayfromtobacco/guidetoquittingsmoking/guide-to-quitting-smoking-help-phys-rx-drugs>


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/4/2015

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/copd_chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_disease/article.htm

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