COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) (cont.)
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
In this Article
- What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
- What are the risk factors for COPD?
- What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
- What causes COPD?
- What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
- When should I call my doctor about COPD?
- How is COPD diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for COPD?
- Home remedies for COPD?
- Medications for COPD
- Surgery for COPD
- Can COPD be prevented?
- What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with COPD?
- COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) FAQs
- Find a local Pulmonologist in your town
Surgery for COPD
There are three types of surgery generally available to treat certain types of patients with COPD that include:
- lung volume reduction surgery, and
- lung transplant surgery.
Surgery may not be available or desirable for many COPD patients.
Bullectomy surgery is the removal of giant bullae. Air–filled spaces usually located in the lung periphery that occupy lung space most often in patients with emphysema are termed bullae. Giant bullae may occupy over 33% of the lung tissue, compress adjacent lung tissue, and reduce blood flow and ventilation to healthy tissue. Surgical removal can allow compressed lung tissue that is still functional to expand.
Lung volume reduction surgery is removal of lung tissue that has been most damaged by tobacco smoking, usually the 20% to 30% of lung tissue located in the upper part of each lung. This procedure is not done often; it is usually done on patients who have severe emphysema and marked hyperinflation of the airways and air spaces.
Lung transplantation is surgical therapy for people with advanced lung disease. Patients with COPD are the largest single category of people who undergo lung transplantation. In general, these COPD patients are usually at COPD stage three or four with severe symptoms and generally, without transplantation, have a life expectancy of about two years or less.
Can COPD be prevented?
Except for COPD due to genetic problems, COPD can be prevented in many people by simply never using tobacco products. In addition, avoiding wood, oil, and coal-burning fumes along with limiting one's exposure to air pollutants may also decrease or prevent COPD. Getting vaccines to avoid infections can help reduce lung damage and the COPD symptoms that accompany with lung damage.
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