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Dactinomycin was lethal to mice and rats at intravenous doses of 700 and 500 mcg/kg, respectively (approximately 3.8 and 5.4 times the maximum recommended daily human dose on a body surface area basis, respectively). The oral LD50 of dactinomycin is 7.8 mg/kg and 7.2 mg/kg in the mouse and rat, respectively.
Manifestations of overdose in patients have included nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mucositis including stomatitis, gastrointestinal ulceration, severe skin disorders including skin exfoliation, exanthema, desquamation and epidermolysis, severe hematopoietic depression, veno-occlusive disease, acute renal failure, sepsis (including neutropenic sepsis) with fatal outcome and death. No specific information is available on the treatment of overdosage with COSMEGEN. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. It is advisable to check skin and mucous membrane integrity as well as renal, hepatic, and bone marrow functions frequently.
Hypersensitivity to any component of this product.
Last reviewed on RxList: 9/18/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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