Costochondritis and Tietze Syndrome (cont.)
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
In this Article
- What is costochondritis?
- What causes costochondritis?
- What are symptoms of costochondritis, and what is Tietze's syndrome?
- How are costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
- What is the prognosis for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
- Can costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome be prevented?
- Find a local Rheumatologist in your town
What is the treatment for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
Costochondritis can be aggravated by any activity that involves stressing the structures of the front of the chest cage. It is generally best to minimize these activities until the inflammation of the rib and cartilage areas has subsided.
Rest, anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, and cortisone injections have been used as therapy for the inflamed, painful cartilage of both costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome. Ice packs applied to local swelling can sometimes help to reduce pain and inflammation. Local lidocaine analgesic patch (Lidoderm) application can reduce pain.
What is the prognosis for costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome?
The outlook is generally very good. Most patients respond well to conservative treatments. Recurrences are more likely in those who also have underlying rheumatologic diseases as described above.
Can costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome be prevented?
No. Although aggravating the symptoms can be minimized by avoiding injury to the chest wall.
Previous contributing editor: Dennis Lee, MD
Medically reveiwed by Aimee V. HachigianGould, MD; American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
Fauci, A.S., and C.A. Langford. Harrison's Rheumatology. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing, 2006.
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