May 23, 2017
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Coxsackievirus

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Coxsackievirus facts

  • Coxsackieviruses are RNA viruses that may cause hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), as well as disease of muscles, lungs, and heart.
  • HFMD usually occurs in children but can occur in adults.
  • The majority of HFMD infections are self-limited, so no treatment is required.
  • HFMD, caused by coxsackieviruses, usually causes fever, malaise, rash, and small blisters that ulcerate. The most frequent locations for the blisters/ulcers are on the palms of the hand, soles of the feet, and in the mouth.
  • HFMD usually resolves in about 10 days with no scarring, but the person may shed coxsackievirus for several weeks.
  • Although lab tests for coxsackieviruses can be done, the vast majority of infections are diagnosed by clinical features (HFMD blisters/ulcers), but this may change with the onset of new outbreaks and causes of severe HFMD.
  • There is no specific treatment or vaccine available for coxsackievirus infections.
  • Prevention is difficult; avoid direct contact with anyone with HFMD, and their stool, saliva, and blister fluid. Hand washing and cleaning of items handled by HFMD patients are the best additional methods for prevention.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/20/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/coxsackie_virus/article.htm

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