Creatine

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What other names is Creatine known by?

Cr, Creatina, Créatine, Créatine Anhydre, Creatine Anhydrous, Creatine Citrate, Créatine Citrate, Creatine Ethyl Ester, Créatine Ethyl Ester, Creatine Ethyl Ester HCl, Créatine Ethyl Ester HCl, Créatine Kré Alkaline, Creatine Malate, Créatine Malate, Creatine Monohydrate, Créatine Monohydrate, Créatine Monohydratée, Creatine Pyroglutamate, Créatine Pyroglutamate, Creatine Pyruvate, Créatine Pyruvate, Dicreatine Malate, Dicréatine Malate, Di-Creatine Malate, Éthyle Ester de Créatine, Glycine, N-(aminoiminométhyl)-N-Méthyl, Kre-Alkalyn Pyruvate, Malate de Tricréatine, N-amidinosarcosine, N-(aminoiminomethyl)-N Methyl Glycine, Phosphocreatine, Phosphocréatine, Tricreatine HCA, Tricréatine HCA, Tricreatine Malate, Tricréatine Malate.

What is Creatine?

Creatine is a chemical that is normally found in the body, mostly in muscles. Creatine can also be made in the laboratory.

Is Creatine effective?

There is some scientific evidence that creatine can improve the athletic performance of young, healthy people during brief, high-intensity exercise such as sprinting. But it does not seem to help older people or highly trained athletes. It also does not help performance in aerobic or isometric exercise.

Creatine also seems to increase strength and endurance in patients with heart failure and in people with various muscle diseases such as muscular dystrophy and similar conditions.

Some people try creatine for rheumatoid arthritis. But creatine does not seem to help for this use.

There isn't enough information to know if creatine is effective for other conditions people use it for, including: high cholesterol and conditions such as ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease), Huntington's disease, and Parkinson's disease.

Possibly Effective for...

  • Improving the athletic performance of young, healthy people during brief, high-intensity exercise such as sprinting. However, it does not seem to help highly trained athletes. It also does not seem to help increase muscle strength or body composition.
  • Increasing strength and endurance in patients with heart failure.
  • Increasing strength in people with muscle diseases such as muscular dystrophy.
  • Slowing an eye disease called gyrate atrophy.
  • Parkinson's disease. Creatine might slow the worsening of some symptoms in people with early Parkinson's disease.

Possibly Ineffective for...

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease).
  • Schizophrenia.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Muscle diseases such as polymyositis and dermatomyositis, high cholesterol, Huntington's disease, depression, and bipolar disorder.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).


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