Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) (cont.)
Sandra Gonzalez Gompf, MD, FACP
Sandra Gonzalez Gompf, MD, FACP is a U.S. board-certified Infectious Disease subspecialist. Dr. Gompf received a Bachelor of Science from the University of Miami, and a Medical Degree from the University of South Florida. Dr. Gompf completed residency training in Internal Medicine at the University of South Florida followed by subspecialty fellowship training there in Infectious Diseases under the directorship of Dr. John T. Sinnott, IV.
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
In this Article
- Cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis) facts
- What is a Cyclospora infection?
- What causes a Cyclospora infection?
- What are the risk factors for a Cyclospora infection?
- Is Cyclospora contagious? What is the contagious period for Cyclospora?
- What are the symptoms of a Cyclospora infection?
- What is the incubation period for a Cyclospora infection?
- What types of specialists treat Cyclospora infections?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose a Cyclospora infection?
- What is the treatment for Cyclospora infections?
- What are complications of a Cyclospora infection?
- What is the prognosis of a Cyclospora infection?
- Is it possible to prevent Cyclospora infections?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
What is the treatment for Cyclospora infections?
Cyclospora infection often goes away by itself, and mild or asymptomatic cases require no treatment. For those who require treatment, the best option is oral trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) (Bactrim, Septra) twice daily for seven to 10 days. For those who continue to have symptoms or have persistent oocysts on stool examination, another seven-day course is usually effective. For people with a sulfa allergy, there are few good options. There are reported cases where nitazoxanide (Alinia) twice daily was successful as an alternate therapy. One small study suggested that ciprofloxacin (Cipro, Cipro XR, ProQuin XR) twice daily for seven days is an option in adults. However, it has a higher failure rate compared to TMP-SMX. These medications are not approved for routine use in pregnancy. Pregnant women should check with their obstetrician (ob-gyn doctor) before taking any new prescription.
What are complications of a Cyclospora infection?
Profuse, watery diarrhea may cause dehydration. Thus, keeping up with fluids is important. Diarrhea also contains salts and potassium, so drinking fluids that contain electrolytes (such as sports drinks) may be beneficial. Some people feel loss of energy for some time after the diarrhea goes away.
What is the prognosis of a Cyclospora infection?
The prognosis of Cyclospora infection is excellent and complete recovery is anticipated. As discussed above, recovery can be hastened by the use of antibiotics in symptomatic people.
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