Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms & Signs
Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Symptoms of cystic fibrosis mainly involve the lungs, pancreas, sex organs, intestines, and sinuses and arise from abnormal mucus that is unusually thick and sticky. The mucus buildup in the lungs leads to repeated infections with coughing, production of thick sputum, shortness of breath, wheezing, nasal congestion, and a decreased tolerance for exercise or physical activity. Other symptoms of cystic fibrosis include fatty, foul-smelling stools, constipation, and poor growth in children. Malnutrition and vitamin deficiency can arise because pancreatic enzymes may not reach the intestine. Abdominal pain and swelling can occur. Cystic fibrosis also causes the sweat to be excessively salty and can cause infertility in men.
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Sharma, Girish D. "Cystic Fibrosis." Medscape.com. Mar. 10, 2014. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1001602-overview>.
United States. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. "What Is Cystic Fibrosis?" Dec. 26, 2013. <http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cf/>.
Main Article on Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms and Signs
Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms and Signs
- Abdominal Distension
- Abdominal Pain
- Chest Pain
- Coughing Up Blood
- Decreased Exercise Tolerance
- Failure to Thrive
- Fatty Stools
- Finger Clubbing
- Foul-Smelling Stools
- Infertility (Males)
- Nasal Congestion
- Nasal Polyps
- Poor Growth
- Salty Sweat
- Shortness of Breath
- Sinus Pain
- Sputum Production
- Vitamin Deficiency
Examples of Medications for Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms and Signs
- albuterol (Accuneb, [Ventolin and Proventil have been discontinued])
- aztreonam - injection, Azactam
- cephalexin, Keflex
- dornase alpha, Pulmozyme
- gentamicin injection (Garamycin)
- lumacaftor and ivacaftor (Orkambi)
- pancrelipase enteric-coated capsule - oral, Creon, Ultrase, Zenpep, Zymase
- tobramycin solution - inhalation, Bethkis, Tobi
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