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Cytotec (misoprostol) is indicated for reducing the risk of NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, including aspirin)–induced gastric ulcers in patients at high risk of complications from gastric ulcer, e.g., the elderly and patients with concomitant debilitating disease, as well as patients at high risk of developing gastric ulceration, such as patients with a history of ulcer. Cytotec has not been shown to reduce the risk of duodenal ulcers in patients taking NSAIDs. Cytotec should be taken for the duration of NSAID therapy. Cytotec has been shown to reduce the risk of gastric ulcers in controlled studies of 3 months' duration. It had no effect, compared to placebo, on gastrointestinal pain or discomfort associated with NSAID use.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The recommended adult oral dose of Cytotec for reducing the risk of NSAID-induced gastric ulcers is 200 mcg four times daily with food. If this dose cannot be tolerated, a dose of 100 mcg can be used. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Clinical studies.) Cytotec should be taken for the duration of NSAID therapy as prescribed by the physician. Cytotec should be taken with a meal, and the last dose of the day should be at bedtime.
Adjustment of the dosing schedule in renally impaired patients is not routinely needed, but dosage can be reduced if the 200-mcg dose is not tolerated. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY.)
Cytotec 100-mcg tablets are white, round, with SEARLE debossed on one side and 1451 on the other side; supplied as:
|0025-1451-60||unit-of-use bottle of 60|
|0025-1451-20||unit-of-use bottle of 120|
|0025-1451-34||carton of 100 unit dose|
Cytotec 200-mcg tablets are white, hexagonal, with SEARLE debossed above and 1461 debossed below the line on one side and a double stomach debossed on the other side; supplied as:
|0025-1461-60||unit-of-use bottle of 60|
|0025-1461-31||unit-of-use bottle of 120|
|0025-1461-34||carton of 100 unit dose|
Store at or below 25°C (77°F), in a dry area.
This product's label may have been updated. For current full prescribing information, please visit www.pfizer.com.
Distributed by: G.D. Searle Division of Pfizer Inc, NY, NY 10017. Revised November 2012
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/7/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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