"CDC began working with the World Health Organization (WHO) in late February 2003 to investigate and confirm outbreaks of an unusual pneumonia in Southeast Asia. By the time WHO issued a global alert cautioning that the severe respiratory illness "...
Demeclocycline hydrochloride, USP is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions below:
Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Lymphogranuloma venereum due to Chlamydia trachomatis
Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci
Trachoma due to Chlamydia trachomatis, although the infectious agent is not always eliminated as judged by immunofluorescence
Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
Nongonococcal urethritis in adults caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum or Chlamydia trachomatis
Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis
Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi
Plague due to Yersinia pestis
Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis
Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae
Campylobacter fetus infections cause by Campylobacter fetus
Brucellosis due to Brucella species (in conjunction with streptomycin);
Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis
Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis
Demeclocycline hydrochloride, USP is indicated for treatment of infections by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug:
Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae
Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by Klebsiella species
Demeclocycline hydrochloride, USP is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug:
Upper respiratory infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae
Skin and skin structure infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. (Note: Tetracyclines, including demeclocycline, are not the drugs of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection).
When penicillin is contraindicated, tetracyclines, including demeclocycline hydrochloride, are alternative drugs in the treatment of the following infections:
Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and for the treatment of other uncomplicated gonococcal infections
Infections in women caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum
Yaws caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue
Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes
Anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis
Vincent's infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme
Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii
Clostridial diseases caused by Clostridium species
In acute intestinal amebiasis, demeclocycline hydrochloride may be a useful adjunct to amebicides.
In severe acne, demeclocycline hydrochloride may be a useful adjunctive therapy.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of demeclocycline hydrochloride tablets and other antibacterial drugs, demeclocycline hydrochloride tablets should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Therapy should be continued for at least 24 to 48 hours after symptoms and fever have subsided.
Concomitant therapy: Absorption of tetracyclines is impaired by antacids containing aluminum, calcium, or magnesium, and by iron-containing preparations. Foods and some dairy products also interfere with absorption. Oral forms of tetracycline should be given at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals.
In patients with renal impairment: (See WARNINGS.) Tetracyclines should be used cautiously in patients with impaired renal function. Total dosage should be decreased by reduction of recommended individual doses and/or by extending time intervals between doses.
In patients with liver impairment: Tetracyclines should be used cautiously in patients with impaired liver function. Total dosage should be decreased by reduction of recommended individual doses and/or by extending time intervals between doses. Administration of adequate amounts of fluid with the oral formulations of tetracyclines is recommended to wash down the drugs and reduce the risk of esophageal irritation and ulceration. (See ADVERSE REACTIONS.)
Usual daily dose – Four divided doses of 150 mg each or two divided doses of 300 mg each.
For pediatric patients above eight years of age: Usual daily dose, 7 to 13 mg per kg body weight per day, depending upon the severity of the disease, divided into two to four doses not to exceed adult dosage of 600 mg per day.
Gonorrhea patients sensitive to penicillin may be treated with demeclocycline administered as an initial oral dose of 600 mg followed by 300 mg every 12 hours for four days to a total of 3 grams.
Demeclocycline hydrochloride tablets USP, 150 mg, are round, convex, red, film coated tablets, engraved with D11 on one side, and are supplied as follows:
Bottles of 100 NDC 64720-334-10
Demeclocycline hydrochloride tablets USP, 300 mg, are round, convex, red, film coated tablets, engraved with D12 on one side, and are supplied as follows:
Bottles of 48 NDC 64720-335-48
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP.
KEEP THIS AND ALL DRUGS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
Manufactured by: Patheon Puerto Rico, Inc. Manati, Puerto Rico 00674, USA. Distributed by: CorePharma, LLC Middlesex, NJ 08846. Rev. August, 2012.This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Last reviewed on RxList: 10/22/2012
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