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Deconsal CT

Last reviewed on RxList: 11/29/2016
Drug Description

Deconsal® CT
(phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate) Tannate Chewable Tablets

DESCRIPTION

Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets are an antihistamine/nasal decongestant combination for oral administration as a chewable tablet.

Each Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablet in a grape-flavored, dye-free, mottled brown-colored, scored tablet for oral administration contains:

Phenylephrine HCl.............10 mg
Pyrilamine Maleate.............16 mg

Inactive ingredients: Calcium phosphate dibasic, compressible sugar, corn starch, grape flavor, hypromellose, magnesium aluminum silicate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, saccharin sodium, talc, tannic acid, and xanthan gum.

See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION section for further descriptive composition.

For Consumers

What are the possible side effects of phenylephrine and pyrilamine?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using this medication and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • fast or uneven heart rate;
  • mood changes;
  • tremor, seizure (convulsions);
  • easy bruising or bleeding, unusual weakness;
  • urinating less than usual or not at all;
  • feeling short of breath; or
  • dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing...
Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets are indicated for the symptomatic relief of the coryza and nasal congestion associated with the common cold, sinusitis, allergic rhinitis and other upper respiratory tract infections. Appropriate therapy should be provided for the primary disease.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets: Administer the recommended dose every 12 hours. 12 years and older - 1 to 2 tablets; 6 to 12 years of age - !4 to 1 tablet.

HOW SUPPLIED

Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets are available as grape-flavored, dye-free, mottled brown-colored, round, scored tablet imprinted with CC on one side and the score line on the other

NDC No.: 10122-202-10 - Bottles of 100 Chewable Tablets and NDC No.: 10122-202-02 single tablet sample pouches.

Store at controlled room temperature, 20o-25o C (68o -77° F). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container (USP/NF) with a child-resistant closure.

Protect from moisture.

Manufactured for: Cornerstone BioPharma, Inc. Cary, NC 27518

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

The most common effects associated with antihistamines have been drowsiness sedation, dryness of mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal effects. Serious side effects with oral antihistamines or sympathomimetics have been rare.

Other adverse reactions may include:

Dermatologic - urticaria, drug rash, photosensitivity, pruritus.

Cardiovascular - hypotension, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, palpitations.

Central Nervous Systems (CNS) - disturbed coordination, tremor, irritability, insomnia, visual disturbances, weakness, nervousness, convulsion, headache, euphoria, and dysphoria.

Genitourinary - urinary frequency, difficult urination.

Gastrointestinal - epigastric discomfort, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation. Respiratory - tightness of the chest and wheezing, shortness of breath. Hematologic - hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

MAO inhibitors may prolong and intensify the anticholinergic effects of sympathomimetic agents. Thus, concomitant administration of Deconsal® CT Tannate Chewable Tablets and MAO inhibitors should be avoided (see "CONTRAINDICATIONS").

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

This product contains an antihistamine that may cause drowsiness and may have additive central nervous system (CNS) effects with alcohol or other CNS depressants (e.g., hypnotics, sedatives, tranquilizers). Antihistamines should be used with caution in patients with stenosing peptic ulcer, pyloroduodenal obstruction, and urinary bladder obstruction due to symptomatic prostatic hypertrophy and narrowing of the bladder neck.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Antihistamines are more likely to cause dizziness, sedation, and hypotension in elderly patients and therefore should be used with caution. Antihistamines may cause excitation, particularly in pediatric patients, but their combination with sympathomimetics may cause either mild stimulation or mild sedation.

Use with caution in patients with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, or narrow angle glaucoma.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

No long-term animal studies have been performed with Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects- Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets. It is also not known whether Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Labor and Delivery

Administration of phenylephrine to patients in late pregnancy or labor may cause fetal anoxia or bradycardia by increasing contractility of the uterus and decreasing uterine blood flow.

Nursing Mothers

Because of the higher risk of intolerance of antihistamines in small infants generally, and in newborns and prematures in particular, Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Tablets should not be administered to a nursing mother.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

Signs And Symptoms

May vary from CNS depression to stimulation (restlessness to convulsions). Antihistamine overdosage in young children may lead to convulsions and death. Atropine-like signs and symptoms may be prominent.

Treatment

Induce vomiting if it has not occurred spontaneously. Precautions must be taken against aspiration especially in infants, children, and comatose patients. If gastric lavage is indicated, isotonic or half-isotonic saline solution is preferred. Stimulants should not be used. If hypotension is a problem, vasopressor agents may be considered.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets are contraindicated in patients sensitive to any of the ingredients or related compounds. Antihistamines are contraindicated for use in the treatment of lower respiratory tract symptoms, including asthma. Phenylephrine is contraindicated in patients with hypertension or with peripheral vascular insufficiency (ischemia may result with risk of gangrene or thrombosis of compromised vascular beds).

Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets should not be used in patients receiving a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (see "PRECAUTIONS-DRUG INTERACTIONS").

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Deconsal® CT (phenylephrine hcl and pyrilamine maleate tannate chewable tablets) Tannate Chewable Tablets combines the sympathomimetic decongestant effect of phenylephrine with the antihistaminic effect of pyrilamine.

Phenylephrine

Phenylephrine is a decongestant which is a potent postsynaptic a-receptor agonist with little effect on p receptors of the heart. A direct action at the receptors accounts for the greater part of its effects, only a small part being due to its ability to release norepinephrine. Phenylephrine has no effect on p-adrenergic receptors of the bronchi or peripheral blood vessels. Phenylephrine has a mild stimulant effect.

Pyrilamine

Pyrilamine is an antihistamine, Hi receptor blocking agent belonging to the ethylenediamine class of antihistamines. Hi-blocking drugs inhibit the actions of histamine on smooth muscle, capillary permeability, and can both stimulate and depress the central nervous system. Pyrilamine also possesses anticholinergic and sedative properties.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

Caution patients against drinking alcoholic beverages or engaging in potentially hazardous activities requiring alertness, such as driving a car or operating machinery, while using this product. Patients should be warned not to use this product if they are now taking a prescription monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (certain drugs for depression, psychiatric or emotional conditions, or Parkinson's disease), or for 2 weeks after stopping the MAO inhibitor drug. If patients are uncertain whether a prescription drug contains an MAO inhibitor, they should be instructed to consult a health professional before taking this product.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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