Dengue Fever (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Dengue fever facts
- What is dengue fever?
- What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever?
- How is dengue fever contracted?
- What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
- How is dengue fever diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for dengue fever?
- What is the prognosis for typical dengue fever?
- What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?
- How can dengue fever be prevented?
- Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
- West Nile Virus Slideshow Pictures
- Bad Bugs and Their Bites Slideshow Pictures
- Travel Health Vaccines and Diseases Slideshow Pictures
How can dengue fever be prevented?
The transmission of the virus to mosquitoes must be interrupted to prevent the illness. To this end, patients are kept under mosquito netting until the second bout of fever is over and they are no longer contagious.
The prevention of dengue requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue. In nations plagued by dengue fever, people are urged to empty stagnant water from old tires, trash cans, and flower pots. Governmental initiatives to decrease mosquitoes also help to keep the disease in check but have been poorly effective.
To prevent mosquito bites, wear long pants and long sleeves. For personal protection, use mosquito repellant sprays that contain DEET when visiting places where dengue is endemic. There are no specific risk factors for contracting dengue fever, except living in or traveling to an area where the mosquitoes and virus are endemic. Limiting exposure to mosquitoes by avoiding standing water and staying indoors two hours after sunrise and before sunset will help. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a daytime biter with peak periods of biting around sunrise and sunset. It may bite at any time of the day and is often hidden inside homes or other dwellings, especially in urban areas.
There is currently no vaccination available for dengue fever. There is a vaccine undergoing clinical trials, but it is too early to tell if it will be safe or effective. Early results of clinical trials show that a vaccine may be available by 2015.
Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
"Dengue," Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada. "Dengue Fever: Global Update." June 3, 2011. <http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/thn-csv/dengue-eng.php>.
Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada. "Dengue in South East Asia." Aug. 23, 2007. <http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/2007/dengue070823_e.html>.
"Dengue Fever in Key West." Florida Department of Health. <http://www.doh.state.fl.us/Environment/medicine/arboviral/Dengue_FloridaKeys.html>.
Hendrick, Bill. "FDA OKs Test for Dengue Fever." WebMD.com. Apr. 13, 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/news/20110413/fda-oks-test-for-dengue-fever>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever." Mar. 2009.<http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Planning Social Mobilization and Communication for Dengue Fever Prevention and Control." <http://www.who.int/tdr/publications/publications/pdf/planning_dengue.pdf>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Vector-Borne Viral Infections." <http://www.who.int/vaccine_research/diseases/vector/en/index.html>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Chikungunya." Oct. 6, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/chikungunya/>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue." May 20, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue." Oct. 28, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever --- U.S.-Mexico Border, 2005." Aug. 8, 2007. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5631a1.htm>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Locally Acquired Dengue -- Key West, Florida, 2009-2010." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 59.19 May 21, 2010: 577-581. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5919a1.htm>.
"Why a Vaccine." Dengue Vaccine Initiative. <http://www.denguevaccines.org/why-a-vaccine>.
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