Medications Used in Dentistry
Annette (Gbemudu) Ogbru, PharmD, MBA
Dr. Gbemudu received her B.S. in Biochemistry from Nova Southeastern University, her PharmD degree from University of Maryland, and MBA degree from University of Baltimore. She completed a one year post-doctoral fellowship with Rutgers University and Bristol Myers Squibb.
- Introduction to dental medications
- Medications used to control pain and anxiety
- Medications used to treat dental infections
- Other dental medications
Introduction to dental medications
There are several types of medications that are used to manage a variety of diseases involving the oral cavity (mouth) that are part of good dental care. The medications discussed in this article have pharmacological properties that are used to treat conditions such as pain, anxiety, and infections, amongst others.
It is important to always communicate all dental signs and symptoms to your dentist, so that appropriate management and choice of medications can be made.
Medications used to control pain and anxiety
One of the most commonly reported dental complications involves various levels of pain. Due to this fact, pain management is an important goal for all dentists and patients.
- ibuprofen (Advil, Nuprin,
Motrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol),
and aspirin (for example, Bayer);
- corticosteroids such as Orabase-HCA, Oracort, and Oralone are
anti-inflammatory medications that are used to relieve discomfort and redness of
- and for severe pain conditions, narcotic analgesics such as codeine or hydrocodone (Vicodin) may be given. Codeine formulations usually include acetaminophen for increased efficacy, for example, Vicoprofen and Tylenol #3.
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