Depression in Children
Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
- Depression in children facts
- What is childhood depression?
- What are the types of depression in children?
- What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
- What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
- How is depression in children diagnosed?
- What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
- What is the treatment for depression in children?
- What are complications of depression in children?
- What is the prognosis of depression in children?
- Can depression in children be prevented?
- Where can families get support for a child with depression?
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
Depression in children facts
- Depression is a condition beyond normal sadness that can significantly interfere with the child's ability to function.
- Depression affects about 2% of preschool and school-age children.
- Depression in children does not have one single cause but rather a number of biological, psychological, and environmental risk factors that contribute to its development.
- General symptoms of depression, regardless of age, include having a depressed or irritable mood for at least two weeks and having at least five clinical signs and symptoms.
- Suicide is the third leading cause of death in youth 10-24 years of age.
- In order to diagnose depression, a health-care professional will likely conduct or refer for an extensive medical interview and physical examination and ask standard mental-health questions.
- Treatment for childhood depression may include addressing any medical conditions that cause or worsen the condition. It can also include lifestyle adjustments, psychotherapy, and, for moderate to severe depression, medication.
- Interpersonal therapy (ITP) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are the major approaches commonly used to treat childhood depression.
- About 60% of children who take antidepressant medications get better. It may take anywhere from one to six weeks of taking medication at its effective dose to start feeling better.
- Childhood depression is a risk factor for developing a number of other mental-health symptoms and disorders.
- Depression is the leading cause of disability in the United States in people over 5 years of age.
- Attempts at prevention of childhood depression tend to address risk factors, strengthen protective factors, and use approaches that are appropriate for the child's developmental level.
- Family members and friends are advised to seek mental-health evaluation and treatment for the depressed child.
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