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Dexamethasone

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Dexamethasone

DEXAMETHASONE Tablets USP, DEXAMETHASONE Oral Solution, and DEXAMETHASONE Intensol ™ Oral Solution (Concentrate)

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Dexamethasone Tablets 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 4 and 6 mg USP, Dexamethasone Oral Solution, 0.5 mg per 5 mL and Dexamethasone Intensol ™ Oral Solution (Concentrate), 1 mg per mL are for oral administration.

Each tablet contains:

Dexamethasone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, or 6 mg

Each 5 mL of Oral Solution contains:

Dexamethasone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0.5 mg

Each mL of Intensol ™ Oral Solution (Concentrate) contains:

Dexamethasone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 mg
Alcohol30%

Inactive Ingredients

The tablets contain lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, starch, sucrose, cosmetic ochre (1 mg), D&C Yellow No.10 (0.5, 4 mg), FD&C Blue No.1(0.75, 1.5 mg), FD&C Green No.3 (4, 6 mg), FD&C Red No.3 (1.5 mg), FD&C Red No.40 (1.5 mg), and FD&C Yellow No.6 (0.5, 4 mg).

The oral solution contains citric acid, disodium edetate, flavoring, glycerin, methylparaben, propylene glycol, propylparaben, sorbitol and water.

The Intensol ™ oral solution contains alcohol, benzoic acid, citric acid, disodium edetate, propylene glycol, and water.

Dexamethasone, a synthetic adrenocortical steroid, is a white to practically white, odorless, crystalline powder. It is stable in air. It is practically insoluble in water. The molecular formula is C22H29FO5. The molecular weight is 392.47. It is designated chemically as 9-fluoro-11β, 17, 21-trihydroxy-16α-methylpregna-1, 4-diene, 3, 20-dione and the structural formula is:

Dexamethasone Structural Formula Illustration

What are the possible side effects of dexamethasone?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • problems with your vision;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain, feeling short of breath;
  • severe depression, unusual thoughts or behavior, seizure (convulsions);
  • bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood;
  • pancreatitis (severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back, nausea and vomiting, fast heart rate);
  • low...

Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Dexamethasone »

Last reviewed on RxList: 7/30/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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