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Dextrose

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Dextrose Injection 5%

Dextrose
(dextrose (hydrous dextrose)) Injection, Solution

DRUG DESCRIPTION

Dextrose (hydrous dextrose) Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for fluid replenishment and caloric supply in single dose containers for intravenous administration. It contains no antimicrobial agents. Composition, osmolarity, pH, and caloric content are shown in Table 1.

Table 1

  Size (mL) *Dextrose
Hydrous,
USP (g/L)
Osmolarity
(mOsmol/L)
(calc.)
pH Caloric
Content
(kcal/L)
5% Dextrose Injection, USP 25
Quad pack
50
Single pack
Quad pack
50 252 4.0
(3.2 to 6.5)
170
Multi pack
100
Single pack Quad pack
Multi pack
150
250
500
1000
10% Dextrose Injection, USP 250
500
1000
100 505 4.0
(3.2 to 6.5)
340

Dextrose (dextrose)  Structural Formula Illustration

The VIAFLEX plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e. g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological test for plastic containers as well as by tissue culture toxicity studies.

Last reviewed on RxList: 10/10/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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