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Dextrose Electrolytes No 75

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Dextrose / Electrolytes No. 75

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection
(Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) in VIAFLEX Plastic Container

DRUG DESCRIPTION

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (5% dextrose and electrolyte no. 75 inj) (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for fluid and electrolyte replenishment and caloric supply in a single dose container for intravenous administration. Each 100 mL contains 5 g Dextrose Hydrous, USP*, 220 mg Sodium Lactate (C3H5Na03), 205 mg Potassium Chloride, USP (KCl), 120 mg Sodium Chloride, USP (NaCl), and 100 mg Monobasic Potassium Phosphate, NF(KH2PO4). It contains no antimicrobial agents. pH5.0 (4.0 to 6.5).

Glucopyranose monohydrate structural Formula Illustration

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (5% dextrose and electrolyte no. 75 inj) (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) administered intravenously has value as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories. One liter has an ionic concentration of 40 mEq sodium, 35 mEq potassium, 48 mEq chloride, 20 mEq lactate, and 15 mEq phosphate as HPO4=. The osmolarity is 402 mOsmol/L (calc). Normal physiologic osmolarity range is approximately 280 to 310 mOsmol/L. Administration of substantially hypertonic solutions ( ≥ 600 mOsmol/L) may cause vein damage. The caloric content is 180 kcal/L.

The VIAFLEX plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e.g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological tests for plastic containers as well as by tissue culture toxicity studies.

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/29/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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