November 29, 2015
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Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)

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Diabetes facts

  • Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Insulin produced by the pancreas lowers blood glucose. Absence or insufficient production of insulin, or an inability of the body to properly use insulin causes diabetes.
  • The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 and type 2. Former names for these conditions were insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes, or juvenile onset and adult onset diabetes.
  • Symptoms of diabetes include
    • increased urine output,
    • excessive thirst,
    • weight loss,
    • hunger,
    • fatigue,
    • skin problems
    • slow healing wounds,
    • yeast infections,
    • blurred vision, and
    • tingling or numbness in the feet or toes.
  • If you think you have diabetes contact a health-care professional.
  • Diabetes is diagnosed by blood sugar (glucose) testing.
  • The major complications of diabetes are both acute and chronic.
  • Diabetes treatment depends on the type and severity of the diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is first treated with weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugars, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin and other injectable medications are considered.
  • Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented; however, type 2 diabetes may be prevented in some cases by maintaining a healthy weight and getting regular exercise.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/13/2015


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