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Diabetic Neuropathy (cont.)

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What are the symptoms and signs of diabetic neuropathy?

The symptoms and signs of diabetic neuropathy depend upon the type of neuropathy that is present. Signs and symptoms can also vary in severity among affected people.

Signs and symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy include:

  • Numbness or tingling of the feet and lower legs
  • Pain or burning sensations
  • Loss of sensation in the feet or lower legs
  • Sometimes, but less commonly, these symptoms can occur in the hands or arms

Signs and symptoms of diabetic proximal neuropathy include:

  • Pain, usually on one side, in the hips, buttocks, or thighs
  • Weakness of the legs

Signs and symptoms of diabetic autonomic neuropathy depend upon the organ system that is involved and can include:

Signs and symptoms of diabetic focal neuropathy also depend upon the location of the affected nerve.

The symptoms can appear suddenly. It usually does not cause a long term problem, and symptoms often improve over weeks to months. Symptoms can include:

  • Chest pain
  • Eye pain
  • Changes in vision
  • Bell's palsy (paralysis on one side of the face)
  • Pain in a localized area of the body

How is diabetic neuropathy diagnosed?

Diabetic neuropathy is usually presumptively diagnosed clinically by the patient's symptoms, medical history, and physical exam. However, there are other tests that can definitively diagnose the condition by actually measuring the loss of nerve function. Nerve conduction studies measure the speed of nerve signals in the arms and legs, while electromyography measures the electrical discharges produced in muscles. Other tests of nervous system function may be done on some patients. About 45% to 50% of all patients with diabetes are eventually diagnosed with some form of neuropathy.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/25/2014

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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/diabetic_neuropathy/article.htm

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