"What are oral diabetes medications and how do they work?
Insulin is a hormone produced by cells in the pancreas called beta cells. Insulin helps the body use blood glucose (a type of sugar) for energy. People with type 2 diabetes "...
Body as a Whole: Disulfiram-like reactions have rarely been reported with DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) (see DRUG INTERACTIONS).
Central and Peripheral Nervous System: Dizziness and headache.
Gastrointestinal: Gastrointestinal disturbances are the most common reactions; nausea has been reported in less than 5% of patients, and diarrhea, vomiting, anorexia, and hunger in less than 2%. Other gastrointestinal disturbances have occurred in less than 1% of patients including proctocolitis. They tend to be dose-related and may disappear when dosage is reduced.
Liver/Biliary: Cholestatic jaundice and hepatitis may occur rarely, which may progress to liver failure; DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) should be discontinued if this occurs. Hepatic porphyria and disulfiram-like reactions have been reported with DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) .
Skin/Appendages: Pruritus has been reported in less than 3% of patients. Other allergic skin reactions, e.g., urticaria and maculopapular eruptions have been reported in approximately 1% or less of patients. These may be transient and may disappear despite continued use of DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) ; if skin reactions persist the drug should be discontinued.
Skin eruptions rarely progressing to erythema multiforme and exfoliative dermatitis have also been reported.
Metabolic/Nutritional Reactions: Hypoglycemia (see PRECAUTIONS and OVERDOSAGE sections). Hepatic porphyria and disulfiram-like reactions have been reported with DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) . See DRUG INTERACTIONS section.
Endocrine Reactions: On rare occasions, chlorpropamide has caused a reaction identical to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (ADH) secretion. The features of this syndrome result from excessive water retention and include hyponatremia, low serum osmolality, and high urine osmolality. This reaction has also been reported for other sulfonylureas.
Read the Diabinese (chlorpropamide) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
The following products can lead to hypoglycemia:
The hypoglycemic action of sulfonylurea may be potentiated by certain drugs including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents and other drugs that are highly protein bound, salicylates, sulfonamides, chloramphenicol, probenecid, coumarins, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and beta adrenergic blocking agents. When such drugs are administered to a patient receiving DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) , the patient should be observed closely for hypoglycemia. When such drugs are withdrawn from a patient receiving DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) , the patient should be observed closely for loss of control.
Miconazole: A potential interaction between oral miconazole and oral hypoglycemic agents leading to severe hypoglycemia has been reported. Whether this interaction also occurs with intravenous, topical, or vaginal preparations of miconazole is not known.
Alcohol: In some patients, a disulfiram-like reaction may be produced by the ingestion of alcohol. Moderate to large amounts of alcohol may increase the risk of hypoglycemia (ref.l), (ref. 2).
The following products can lead to hyperglycemia:
Certain drugs tend to produce hyperglycemia and may lead to loss of control. These drugs include the thiazides and other diuretics, corticosteroids, phenothiazines, thyroid products, estrogens, oral contraceptives, phenytoin, nicotinic acid, sympathomimetics, calcium channel blocking drugs, and isoniazid.
When such drugs are administered to a patient receiving DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) , the patient should be closely observed for loss of control. When such drugs are withdrawn from a patient receiving DIABINESE (chlorpropamide) , the patient should be observed closely for hypoglycemia.
Since animal studies suggest that the action of barbiturates may be prolonged by therapy with chlorpropamide, barbiturates should be employed with caution.
Read the Diabinese Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions
Last reviewed on RxList: 3/25/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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