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Peritonitis And Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis
Peritonitis has been associated with DIANEAL use. Following use, inspect the drained fluid for the presence of fibrin or cloudiness, which may indicate the presence of peritonitis. Improper clamping or priming sequence may result in infusion of air into the peritoneal cavity, which may result in abdominal pain and/or peritonitis. If peritonitis occurs, treat with appropriate therapy.
Monitor patients with conditions known to increase the risk of lactic acidosis [e.g., severe hypotension or sepsis that can be associated with acute renal failure, hepatic failure, inborn errors of metabolism, and treatment with drugs such as nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)] before the start of treatment and during treatment with lactate-based peritoneal dialysis solutions. Use of DIANEAL in patients with severe lactic acidosis is contraindicated [see CONTRAINDICATIONS].
Overinfusion of peritoneal dialysis solution volume into the peritoneal cavity may be characterized by abdominal distention, feeling of fullness and/or shortness of breath. Drain the peritoneal dialysis solution from the peritoneal cavity to treat overinfusion.
Electrolyte, Fluid, And Nutrition Imbalances
Peritoneal dialysis may affect a patientâ€™s protein, water-soluble vitamin, potassium, bicarbonate, calcium, and magnesium levels and volume status. Monitor hematology, electrolytes, blood chemistry and fluid status periodically and take appropriate clinical action.
Potassium is omitted from DIANEAL solutions because dialysis may be performed to correct hyperkalemia. In situations where there is a normal serum potassium level or hypokalemia, addition of potassium chloride (up to a concentration of 4 mEq/L) to the solution may be necessary to prevent severe hypokalemia. Monitor fluid status to avoid hyper-or hypovolemia and potentially severe consequences including congestive heart failure, volume depletion and hypovolemic shock.
DIANEAL contains dextrose and may increase the risk for hyperglycemia in patients with impaired glucose tolerance. Patients may require initiation or modification of antidiabetic therapy during treatment with DIANEAL. Monitor blood glucose.
Use In Specific Populations
DIANEAL is a pharmacologically inactive solution. While there are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women, appropriate administration of DIANEAL, with appropriate monitoring of hematology, electrolytes, blood chemistry and fluid status is not expected to cause fetal harm. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with DIANEAL dialysis solution.
The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.
The components of DIANEAL are excreted in human milk.
Safety and effectiveness have been established based on published clinical data. No adequate and well-controlled studies have been conducted with DIANEAL solutions in pediatric patients.
Safety and effectiveness have been established based on published clinical data.This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Last reviewed on RxList: 9/2/2016
Additional Dianeal PD-1 Information
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