February 11, 2016
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Diflucan

"A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) official said today that "limited outbreaks" of Zika infections are expected in the US, but certain factors may limit the spread of the disease in the states.

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Diflucan




Overdosage
Contraindications

OVERDOSE

There have been reports of overdose with fluconazole accompanied by hallucination and paranoid behavior.

In the event of overdose, symptomatic treatment (with supportive measures and gastric lavage if clinically indicated) should be instituted.

Fluconazole is largely excreted in urine. A three-hour hemodialysis session decreases plasma levels by approximately 50%.

In mice and rats receiving very high doses of fluconazole, clinical effects in both species included decreased motility and respiration, ptosis, lacrimation, salivation, urinary incontinence, loss of righting reflex, and cyanosis; death was sometimes preceded by clonic convulsions.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Fluconazole is contraindicated in patients who have shown hypersensitivity to fluconazole or to any of its excipients. There is no information regarding cross-hypersensitivity between fluconazole and other azole antifungal agents. Caution should be used in prescribing fluconazole to patients with hypersensitivity to other azoles. Coadministration of terfenadine is contraindicated in patients receiving fluconazole at multiple doses of 400 mg or higher based upon results of a multiple dose interaction study. Coadministration of other drugs known to prolong the QT interval and which are metabolized via the enzyme CYP3A4 such as cisapride, astemizole, erythromycin, pimozide, and quinidine are contraindicated in patients receiving fluconazole (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Drug Interaction Studies and PRECAUTIONS).

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Last reviewed on RxList: 1/7/2016

Overdosage
Contraindications

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