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Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, the adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
The safety and efficacy of DITROPAN XL® (5 to 30 mg/day) was evaluated in 774 adult subjects who participated in five double-blind, controlled clinical trials. In four of the five studies, Ditropan IR (5 to 20 mg/day in 199 subjects) was an active comparator. Adverse reactions reported by ≥ 1% of subjects are shown in Table 1.
Table 1: Adverse Drug Reactions Reported by ≥ 1% of DITROPAN XL® -
treated Adult Subjects in Five Double-blind, Controlled Clinical Trials of
DITROPAN XL®® 5 to 30 mg/day
n = 774 %
5 to 20 mg/day
n = 199 %
|Nervous System Disorders|
|Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders|
|Gastro-esophageal reflux disease||1.0||0.5|
|Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders|
|Renal and Urinary Disorders|
|General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions|
|Residual urine volume†||2.3||3.5|
|*IR = immediate release
†The bundled term residual urine volume consists of the preferred terms residual urine volume and residual urine volume increased.
The discontinuation rate due to adverse reactions was 4.4% with DITROPAN XL® compared to 0% with Ditropan IR. The most frequent adverse reaction causing discontinuation of study medication was dry mouth (0.7%).
The following adverse reactions were reported by <1% of DITROPAN XL® -treated patients and at a higher incidence than placebo in clinical trials: Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders: anorexia, fluid retention; Vascular disorders: hot flush; Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: dysphonia; Gastrointestinal Disorders: dysphagia, frequent bowel movements; General disorders and administration site conditions: chest discomfort, thirst.
The following additional adverse reactions have been reported from worldwide postmarketing experience with DITROPAN XL® . Because postmarketing reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Psychiatric Disorders: psychotic disorder, agitation, hallucinations, memory impairment; Nervous System Disorders: convulsions; Eye Disorders: glaucoma; Cardiac Disorders: arrhythmia, tachycardia, QT interval prolongation; Vascular Disorders: flushing; Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: rash; Renal and Urinary Disorders: impotence; General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: hypersensitivity reactions, including angioedema with airway obstruction, urticaria, and face edema; anaphylactic reactions requiring hospitalization for emergency treatment; Injury, poisoning and procedural complications: fall.
Additional adverse events reported with some other oxybutynin chloride formulations include: cycloplegia, mydriasis, and suppression of lactation.
Read the Ditropan XL (oxybutynin chloride extended release tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
The concomitant use of oxybutynin with other anticholinergic drugs or with other agents which produce dry mouth, constipation, somnolence (drowsiness), and/or other anticholinergic-like effects may increase the frequency and/or severity of such effects.
Anticholinergic agents may potentially alter the absorption of some concomitantly administered drugs due to anticholinergic effects on gastrointestinal motility. This may be of concern for drugs with a narrow therapeutic index. Anticholinergic agents may also antagonize the effects of prokinetic agents, such as metoclopramide.
Mean oxybutynin chloride plasma concentrations were approximately 2 fold higher when DITROPAN XL was administered with ketoconazole, a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor. Other inhibitors of the cytochrome P450 3A4 enzyme system, such as antimycotic agents (e.g., itraconazole and miconazole) or macrolide antibiotics (e.g., erythromycin and clarithromycin), may alter oxybutynin mean pharmacokinetic parameters (i.e., C and AUC). The clinical relevance of such potential interactions is not known. Caution should be used when such drugs are co-administered.
Read the Ditropan XL Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions
Last reviewed on RxList: 9/12/2016
Additional Ditropan XL Information
Ditropan XL - User Reviews
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