Annette (Gbemudu) Ogbru, PharmD, MBA
Dr. Gbemudu received her B.S. in Biochemistry from Nova Southeastern University, her PharmD degree from University of Maryland, and MBA degree from University of Baltimore. She completed a one year post-doctoral fellowship with Rutgers University and Bristol Myers Squibb.
In this Article
- What are diuretics and how do they work?
- For what conditions are diuretics used?
- Are there differences among diuretics?
- What are side effects of diuretics?
- What are the drug interactions of diuretics?
- Examples of diuretics
- Thiazides diuretics
- Loop diuretics
- Potassium sparing diuretics
- Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
- Osmotic diuretics
- Nonprescription diuretics
For what conditions are diuretics used?
Diuretics also are useful in edema caused by renal dysfunction (for example, nephrotic syndrome, acute glomerulonephritis, and chronic renal failure). Diuretics are used to lower urinary calcium excretion, making them useful in preventing calcium-containing kidney stones.
Diuretics (specifically the carbonic anhydrase inhibitors) are used as adjunctive treatment of chronic simple (open-angle) glaucoma and secondary glaucoma
Thiazide diuretics have off–label (non-FDA-approved) uses for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. They can be given alone or in combination with calcium or estrogen. Thiazide diuretics also have off-label uses for treating diabetes insipidus.
Find out what women really need.