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Doryx

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Doryx

Side Effects
Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

Due to oral doxycycline's virtually complete absorption, side effects to the lower bowel, particularly diarrhea, have been infrequent. The following adverse reactions have been observed in patients receiving tetracyclines:

Gastrointestinal

Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, glossitis, dysphagia, enterocolitis, and inflammatory lesions (with monilial overgrowth) in the anogenital region. Hepatotoxicity has been reported rarely. These reactions have been caused by both the oral and parenteral administration of tetracyclines. Rare instances of esophagitis and esophageal ulcerations have been reported in patients receiving capsule and tablet forms of drugs in the tetracycline-class. Most of these patients took medications immediately before going to bed [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Skin

Maculopapular and erythematous rashes, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and erythema multiforme have been reported. Exfoliative dermatitis has been reported but is uncommon. Photosensitivity is discussed above [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Renal

Rise in BUN has been reported and is apparently dose-related [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Hypersensitivity reactions

Urticaria, angioneurotic edema, anaphylaxis, anaphylactoid purpura, serum sickness, pericarditis, and exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus.

Blood

Hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and eosinophilia have been reported.

Benign Intracranial Hypertension

Bulging fontanels in infants and benign intracranial hypertension in adults [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Thyroid Gland Changes

When given over prolonged periods, tetracyclines have been reported to produce brown-black microscopic discoloration of thyroid glands. No abnormalities of thyroid function are known to occur.

Read the Doryx (doxycycline hyclate) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Anticoagulant Drugs

Because tetracyclines have been shown to depress plasma prothrombin activity, patients who are on anticoagulant therapy may require downward adjustment of their anticoagulant dosage.

Penicillin

Since bacteriostatic drugs may interfere with the bactericidal action of penicillin, it is advisable to avoid giving tetracyclines in conjunction with penicillin.

Antacids and Iron Preparations

Absorption of tetracyclines is impaired by antacids containing aluminum, calcium, or magnesium, bismuth subsalicylate, and iron-containing preparations.

Oral Contraceptives

Concurrent use of tetracycline may render oral contraceptives less effective.

Barbiturates and anti-epileptics

Barbiturates, carbamazepine, and phenytoin decrease the half-life of doxycycline.

Penthrane

The concurrent use of tetracycline and Penthrane® (methoxyflurane) has been reported to result in fatal renal toxicity.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

False elevations of urinary catecholamines may occur due to interference with the fluorescence test.

Read the Doryx Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/17/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Side Effects
Interactions
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Doryx - User Reviews

Doryx User Reviews

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