Dry Skin Symptoms & Signs
Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Dry skin, medically known as xerosis or xeroderma, is usually a mild condition caused by environmental factors, although dry skin can also result from some common skin ailments. Inherited diseases of the skin known as ichthyoses, while very rare, can also cause disfiguration and excessively dry skin. Even systemic conditions (conditions that affect the entire body) can lead to dry skin. One example is hypothyroidism, which reduces the activity of the glands that produce skin secretions. Some medications, including retinoids for the skin as well as some antihistamines and diuretics, may have dry skin as a side effect.
Dry skin can be associated with symptoms, including
- rough skin or tightness of skin.
Dry skin can result from environmental factors such as hot baths/showers, soaps, or detergents.
Dry skin is treated with hydrating creams and lotions. If a skin inflammatory condition is associated with dry skin, treatment is directed at the underlying condition.
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Longo, D.L., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011.
Main Article on Dry Skin
Causes of Dry Skin
In This ArticleAtopic Dermatitis Article
- Atopic dermatitis facts
- What is atopic dermatitis?
- What is the difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema?
- How common is atopic dermatitis?
- What causes atopic dermatitis?
- Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
- What are atopic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
- Can atopic dermatitis affect the face?
- What are the stages of atopic dermatitis?
- How do physicians diagnose atopic dermatitis?
- What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?
- What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?
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- What are aeroallergens?
- What is the treatment for atopic dermatitis?
- What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?
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In This ArticleDehydration Article
- Dehydration facts
- What is dehydration?
- What causes dehydration?
- Dehydration pictures
- What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
- What about dehydration in children?
- How is dehydration diagnosed?
- How is dehydration treated?
- Can I treat dehydration at home?
- What are the complications of dehydration?
- Can dehydration be prevented?
In This ArticleDiabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
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- How many people in the US have diabetes?
- 6 early signs and symptoms of diabetes
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- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
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- What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
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In This ArticleEczema Article
- Eczema facts
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- Are there different types of eczema? What causes eczema?
- What are eczema symptoms and signs?
- How is eczema diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for eczema?
- What are home remedies for eczema?
- Does diet affect eczema?
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In This ArticleHypothyroidism Article
- Hypothyroidism facts
- What is hypothyroidism?
- What are thyroid hormones?
- Thyroid hormone regulation- the chain of command
- What causes hypothyroidism?
- What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
- How is hypothyroidism diagnosed?
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- What is subclinical hypothyroidism?
- What's best for you?
In This ArticleIs Leprosy (Hansen's Disease) Contagious? Article
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- What is the incubation period for leprosy?
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In This ArticleKeratosis Pilaris Article
- Keratosis pilaris (KP) facts
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- Who gets keratosis pilaris?
- What is the prognosis of patients with keratosis pilaris?
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- What causes keratosis pilaris?
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- Keratosis pilaris "do's"
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In This ArticlePsoriasis Article
- Psoriasis facts
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- What are the different types of psoriasis?
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- Can psoriasis affect only my nails?
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- Eczema vs. psoriasis
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- What creams, lotions, and home remedies are available for psoriasis?
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In This ArticleSunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
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- What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
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- Sunburn pictures
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- What is the treatment for sunburn?
- Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
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Other Causes of Dry Skin
- Bathing in Hot Water
- Contact Dermatitis
- Frequent Bathing
- Harsh Scrubbing of Skin
- Harsh Soaps and Personal Hygiene Products
- Heavily Chlorinated Pools and Hot Tubs
- Ichthyosis Vulgaris
- Low Humidity
- Medication Side Effects
- Neurodermatitis (Lichen Simplex Chronicus)
- Vitamin A Deficiency
- Weather and Seasonal Factors (Skin Is Typically Driest in Wintry Conditions)
Symptoms & Signs A-Z List
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