Duac Topical Gel
A comparative study of the pharmacokinetics of DUAC® Gel and 1% clindamycin solution alone in 78 patients indicated that mean plasma clindamycin levels during the four week dosing period were < 0.5 ng/ml for both treatment groups.
Benzoyl peroxide has been shown to be absorbed by the skin where it is converted to benzoic acid. Less than 2% of the dose enters systemic circulation as benzoic acid.
Mechanism of Action
Benzoyl peroxide is a potent oxidizing agent.
In Vivo Activity
No microbiology studies were conducted in the clinical trials with this product.
In Vitro Activity
The clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide components individually have been shown to have in vitro activity against Propionibacterium acnes, an organism which has been associated with acne vulgaris; however, the clinical significance of this is not known.
There are reports of an increase of P. acnes resistance to clindamycin in the treatment of acne. In patients with P. acnes resistant to clindamycin, the clindamycin component may provide no additional benefit beyond benzoyl peroxide alone.
In five randomized, double-blind clinical studies of 1,319 patients, 397 used DUAC® Gel, 396 used benzoyl peroxide, 349 used clindamycin and 177 used vehicle. DUAC® Gel applied once daily for 11 weeks was significantly more effective than vehicle, benzoyl peroxide, and clindamycin in the treatment of inflammatory lesions of moderate to moderately severe facial acne vulgaris in three of the five studies (Studies 1, 2, and 5).
Patients were evaluated and acne lesions counted at each clinical visit: weeks 2, 5, 8, 11. The primary efficacy measures were the lesion counts and the investigator's global assessment evaluated at week 11. Patients were instructed to wash the face, wait 10 to 20 minutes, and then apply medication to the entire face, once daily, in the evening before retiring. Percent reductions in inflammatory lesion counts after treatment for 11 weeks in these five studies are shown in the following table:
Mean percent reduction in inflammatory lesion counts
The DUAC® Gel l group showed greater overall improvement in the investigator's global assessment than the benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin and vehicle groups in three of the five studies (Studies 1, 2, and 5).
Clinical studies have not adequately demonstrated the effectiveness of DUAC® Gel versus benzoyl peroxide alone in the treatment of non-inflammatory lesions of acne.
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/9/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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