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The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:
- Cardiovascular events [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Gastrointestinal effects [see BOXED WARNING and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Renal injury [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Seizures [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Anaphylaxis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Skin reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Corticosteroid treatment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Masking of inflammation and fever [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Hepatic injury [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Hematological effects [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Pre-existing asthma [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Aseptic meningitis [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The safety of DUEXIS was evaluated in 1022 patients in controlled clinical studies, including 508 patients treated for at least 6 months and 107 patients treated for approximately 1 year. Patients treated with DUEXIS ranged in age from 39 to 80 years (median age 55 years), with 67% female, 79% Caucasian, 18% African-American, and 3% other races. Two randomized, active-controlled clinical studies (Study 301 and Study 303) were conducted for the reduction of the risk of development of ibuprofen-associated, upper gastrointestinal ulcers in patients who required use of ibuprofen, which included 1022 patients on DUEXIS and 511 patients on ibuprofen alone. Approximately 15% of patients were on low-dose aspirin. Patients were assigned randomly, in a 2:1 ratio, to treatment with either DUEXIS or ibuprofen 800 mg three times a day for 24 consecutive weeks
Three serious cases of acute renal failure were observed in patients treated with DUEXIS in the two controlled clinical trials. All three patients recovered to baseline levels after discontinuation of DUEXIS. Additionally, increases in serum creatinine were observed in both treatment arms in the two clinical studies. Many of these patients were taking concomitant diuretics and/or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, or angiotensin receptor blockers. There were patients with a normal baseline serum creatinine level who developed abnormal values in the controlled trials as presented in Table 1.
Table 1: Shift table of serum creatinine, normal** to
abnormal*** in controlled studies
|Baseline||Post-Baseline*||Study 301||Study 303|
|Normal**||Abnormal***||4% (17)||2% (4)||2%(15)||4% (12)|
|* At any point after baseline
** serum creatinine normal range is 0.5 – 1.4 mg/dL or 44-124 micromol/L
*** serum creatinine > 1.4 mg/dL
Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions
The most common adverse reactions ( ≥ 2%), from pooled data from the two controlled studies are presented in Table 2.
Table 2: Incidence of Adverse Reactions in Controlled
|Blood and lymphatic system disorders|
|Abdominal pain upper||3||3|
|Gastroesophageal reflux disease||2||3|
|General disorders and administration site conditions|
|Infections and infestations|
|Upper respiratory tract infection||4||4|
|Urinary tract infection||2||2|
|Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders|
|Nervous system disorders|
|Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders|
DUEXIS (ibuprofen and famotidine) tablets 800 mg/26.6 mg administered orally three times per day. Ibuprofen 800 mg administered orally three times per day.
In controlled clinical studies, the discontinuation rate due to adverse events for patients receiving DUEXIS and ibuprofen alone were similar. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation from DUEXIS therapy were nausea (0.9%) and upper abdominal pain (0.9%).
There were no differences in types of related adverse reactions seen during maintenance treatment up to 12 months compared to short-term treatment.
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of ibuprofen. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. These reports are listed below by body system:
Cardiac disorders: myocardial infarction
Gastrointestinal disorders: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
General disorders and administration site conditions: pyrexia, pain, fatigue, asthenia, chest pain, drug ineffective, edema peripheral
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: arthralgia
Nervous system disorders: headache, dizziness
Psychiatric disorders: depression, anxiety
Renal and urinary disorders: renal failure acute
Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: dyspnea
Vascular disorders: hypertension
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of famotidine. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. These reports are listed below by body system:
Gastrointestinal disorders: nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
General disorders and administration site conditions: pyrexia, condition aggravated, asthenia, drug ineffective, chest pain, fatigue, pain, edema peripheral
Hepatobiliary disorders: hepatic function abnormal
Metabolism and nutrition disorders: decreased appetite
Nervous system disorders: dizziness, headache
Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: dyspnea
Vascular disorders: hyoptension
Read the Duexis (ibuprofen and famotidine tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
Co-administration of ibuprofen (800 mg) and famotidine (40 mg) increased ibuprofen Cmax by 15.6% but did not affect its AUC, and increased famotidine AUC and Cmax by 16% and 22%, respectively.
Studies with famotidine in man, in animal models, and in vitro have shown no significant interference with the disposition of compounds metabolized by the hepatic microsomal enzymes, e.g., cytochrome P450 system. Compounds tested in man include warfarin, theophylline, phenytoin, diazepam, aminopyrine and antipyrine. Indocyanine green as an index of hepatic drug extraction has been tested, and no significant effects have been found.
Several short-term controlled studies failed to show that ibuprofen significantly affected prothrombin times or a variety of other clotting factors when administered to individuals on coumarin-type anticoagulants. However, because bleeding has been reported when ibuprofen and other NSAIDs have been administered to patients on coumarin-type anticoagulants, prescribers should be cautious when administering ibuprofen to patients on anticoagulants. The effects of warfarin and NSAIDs on GI bleeding are synergistic, such that the users of both drugs together have a risk of serious GI bleeding higher than users of either drug alone [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
When ibuprofen, which is a component of DUEXIS tablets, is administered with aspirin, its protein binding is reduced, although the clearance of free ibuprofen is not altered. The clinical significance of this interaction is not known. As with other NSAIDs, the concurrent use of aspirin and DUEXIS may increase the risk of adverse events [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, ADVERSE REACTIONS, and Clinical Studies].
Reports suggest that ibuprofen, a component of DUEXIS, may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE-inhibitors. This interaction should be given consideration in patients taking DUEXIS concomitantly with ACE-inhibitors. During concomitant therapy with DUEXIS, the patient should be observed closely for signs of renal failure [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Clinical studies, as well as postmarketing observations, have shown that ibuprofen, which is a component of DUEXIS, can reduce the natriuretic effect of furosemide and thiazides in some patients. This response has been attributed to inhibition of renal prostaglandin synthesis. During concomitant therapy with DUEXIS, the patient should be observed closely for signs of renal failure [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS], as well as to assure diuretic efficacy.
Ibuprofen, which is a component of DUEXIS tablets, produced an elevation of plasma lithium levels and a reduction in renal lithium clearance in a study of 11 normal volunteers. The mean minimum lithium concentration increased 15% and the renal clearance of lithium was decreased by 20% during this period of concomitant ibuprofen drug administration. This effect has been attributed to inhibition of renal prostaglandin synthesis by ibuprofen. Thus, when ibuprofen and lithium are administered concurrently, subjects should be observed carefully for signs of lithium toxicity.
NSAIDs have been reported to competitively inhibit methotrexate accumulation in rabbit kidney slices. NSAIDs have been reported to reduce the tubular secretion of methotrexate in an animal model. This may indicate that they could enhance the toxicity of methotrexate. Caution should be used when NSAIDs are administered concomitantly with methotrexate.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
There is an increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding when selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are combined with NSAIDs including COX-2 selective inhibitors. Caution should be used when NSAIDs are administered concomitantly with SSRIs [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
As with other NSAIDs, concomitant administration of cholestyramine can delay the absorption of ibuprofen, a component of DUEXIS.
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/31/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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