David Perlstein, MD, MBA, FAAP
Dr. Perlstein received his Medical Degree from the University of Cincinnati and then completed his internship and residency in pediatrics at The New York Hospital, Cornell medical Center in New York City. After serving an additional year as Chief Pediatric Resident, he worked as a private practitioner and then was appointed Director of Ambulatory Pediatrics at St. Barnabas Hospital in the Bronx.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Dyslexia Facts
- What is dyslexia?
- What causes dyslexia? What are the different types of dyslexia?
- What are the signs and symptoms of dyslexia?
- What do parents do if they see these signs and symptoms?
- How is dyslexia diagnosed?
- What type of treatment is available for dyslexia?
What type of treatment is available for dyslexia?
Before any treatment is started, an evaluation must be done to determine the child's specific area of disability. While there are many theories about successful treatment for dyslexia, there is no actual cure for it. The school will develop a plan with the parent to meet the child's needs. If the child's current school is unprepared to address this condition, the child will need to be transferred to a school, if available in the area, which can appropriately educate the dyslexic child. The plan maybe implemented in a Special Education setting or in the regularclassroom. An appropriate treatment plan will focus on strengtheninthe child's weaknesses while utilizing the strengths. A direct approach may include a systematic study of phonics. Techniquesdesigned to help all the senses work together efficiently canalso be used. Specific reading approaches that require a childto hear, see, say, and do something (multisensory), such as the Slingerland Method, the Orton-Gillingham Method, or Project READcan be used. Computers are powerful tools for these children andshould be utilized as much as possible. The child should be taughtcompensation and coping skills. Attention should be given to optimumlearning conditions and alternative avenues for student performance.
In addition to what the school has to offer, there are alternative treatment options available outside the school setting. Although alternative treatments are commonly recommended, there is limited research supporting the effectiveness of these treatments. In addition, many of these treatments are very costly, and it may be easy for frustrated parents to be misled by something that is expensive and sounds attractive.
Perhaps the most important aspect of any treatment plan is attitude. The child will be influenced by the attitudes of the adults around him. Dyslexia should not become an excuse for a child to avoid written work. Because the academic demands on a child with dyslexia may be great and the child may tire easily, work increments should be broken down into appropriate chunks. Frequent breaks should be built into class and homework time. Reinforcement should be given for efforts as well as achievements.Alternatives to traditional written assignments should be exploredand utilized. Teachers are learning to deliver information tostudents in a variety of ways that are not only more interestingbut helpful to students who may learn best by different techniques.Interactive technology is providing interesting ways for studentsto feedback on what they have learned, in contrast to traditionalpaper-pencil tasks.
For further information regarding dyslexia, ask your child's pediatrician for assistance, contact your local public school district office, or one of the following:
Dyslexia Memorial Institute
936 S. Michigan Avenue
Chicago, IL 60616
Bureau of Education for the Handicapped
U.S. Office of Education
Washington, DC 20202
Association for Children with Learning Disabilities,
3739 S. Delaware Place
Tulsa, OK 74105
Council for Exceptional Children
PO Box 9382 Mid-City Station
Washington, DC 20005
For more information, please visit the site Learning Disabilities Online.org.
Reviewed by Rambod Rouhbakhsh, M.D., MBA, FAAFP; American Board of Family Medicine
"Specific learning disabilities in children: Clinical features"
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