Earthquake Supplies Kit and Emergency Preparedness (cont.)
In this Article
- How can I be prepared for an earthquake?
- What are earthquake practice drills?
- What are earthquake evacuation plans?
- What type of priorities and personal documentation paperwork should I prepare?
- What should I do during an earthquake?
- Indoor safety
- Outdoor safety
- What are emergency supplies for earthquake preparedness?
- First aid kit
- Survival kit for your home
- Survival kit for your automobile
- Survival kit for your workplace
- Food and water
- Emergency water storage and purification
- What are safe water sources in the home?
- What are unsafe water sources?
- What water is safe for drinking and cooking?
- What about emergency food?
- How should I store store emergency food?
- How should I use use emergency food?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
- Keep foods that:
- have a long storage life
- require little or no cooking, water, or refrigeration, in case utilities are
- meet the needs of babies or other family members who are on special diets
- meet pets' needs
- are not very salty or spicy, as these foods increase the need for drinking water, which may be in short supply
How To Store Emergency Food
- A disaster can easily disrupt the food supply at any time, so plan to have at
least a 3-day supply of food on hand.
- When storing food, it is not necessary to buy dehydrated or other types of
emergency food. Canned foods and dry mixes will remain fresh for about 2 years.
- Certain storage conditions can enhance the shelf life of canned or dried
foods. The ideal location is a cool, dry, dark place. The best temperature is 40
to 60°F. Keep foods away from ranges or refrigerator exhausts. Heat causes many
foods to spoil more quickly.
- Keep food away from petroleum products, such as gasoline, oil, paints, and
solvents. Some food products absorb their smell.
- Protect food from rodents and insects. Items stored in boxes or in paper cartons will keep longer if they are heavily wrapped or stored in airtight containers.
- Date all food items. Use and replace food before it loses freshness.
How To Use Emergency Food
- Use perishable food in your refrigerator or freezer before using food in your
- Discard cooked, unrefrigerated foods after 2 hours at room temperature,
regardless of appearance.
- Eat only foods that have a normal color, texture, and odor.
- Discard cans that bulge at the ends or that are leaking.
Preparing food after an earthquake may be complicated by damage to your home and loss of electricity, gas, and water. The following items will help you to prepare meals safely:
- Cooking utensils
- Knives, forks, and spoons
- Paper plates, cups, and towels
- A manual can- and bottle-opener
- Heavy-duty aluminum foil
- Gas or charcoal grill; camp stove
- Fuel for cooking, such as charcoal. (CAUTION: Never burn charcoal indoors. The fumes are deadly when concentrated indoors.)
NOTE: Do not use your fireplace for cooking until the chimney has been inspected for cracks and damage. Sparks may escape into your attic through an undetected crack and start a fire.
Centers for Disease Control. "Being Prepared for an Earthquake."
Centers for Disease Control. "Emergency Supplies."
Centers for Disease Control. "Food & Water Concerns."
Centers for Disease Control. "What to do During an Earthquake."
Last Editorial Review: 3/2/2010
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