Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola HF) (cont.)
In this Article
- What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- Where is Ebola virus found in nature?
- Where do cases of Ebola hemorrhagic fever occur?
- How is Ebola virus transmitted?
- What are Ebola hemorrhagic fever symptoms and signs?
- How is Ebola hemorrhagic fever clinically diagnosed?
- What laboratory tests are used to diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What is the treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- How is Ebola hemorrhagic fever prevented?
- What challenges remain for the control and prevention of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
How is Ebola hemorrhagic fever clinically diagnosed?
Diagnosing Ebola HF in an individual who has been infected only a few days is difficult because early symptoms, such as red eyes and a skin rash, are nonspecific to the virus and are seen in other patients with diseases that occur much more frequently. However, if a person has the constellation of symptoms described above, and infection with Ebola virus is suspected, isolate the patient and notify local and state health departments and the CDC.
What laboratory tests are used to diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
Antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) testing, IgM ELISA, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and virus isolation can be used to diagnose a case of Ebola HF within a few days of the onset of symptoms. Persons tested later in the course of the disease or after recovery can be tested for IgM and IgG antibodies; the disease can also be diagnosed retrospectively in deceased patients by using immunohistochemistry testing, virus isolation, or PCR.
How is Ebola hemorrhagic fever treated?
There is no standard treatment for Ebola HF. Patients receive supportive therapy. This consists of balancing the patient's fluids and electrolytes, maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure, and treating them for any complicating infections.
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