"June 24, 2014 -- Scientists say they may be able to explain how ongoing stress raises the risk of having a heart attack.
They say stress triggers our bodies to make a surplus of disease-fighting white blood cells. That in turn can boost inf"...
- Effient can cause significant, sometimes fatal, bleeding [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS].
- Do not use Effient in patients with active pathological bleeding or a history of transient ischemic attack or stroke [see CONTRAINDICATIONS].
- In patients ≥ 75 years of age, Effient is generally not recommended, because of the increased risk of fatal and intracranial bleeding and uncertain benefit, except in high-risk situations (patients with diabetes or a history of prior MI) where its effect appears to be greater and its use may be considered [see Use in Specific Populations].
- Do not start Effient in patients likely to undergo urgent coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). When possible, discontinue Effient at least 7 days prior to any surgery [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
- Additional risk factors for bleeding include: body weight < 60 kg; propensity to bleed; concomitant use of medications that increase the risk of bleeding (e.g., warfarin, heparin, fibrinolytic therapy, chronic use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs]) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
- Suspect bleeding in any patient who is hypotensive and has recently undergone coronary angiography, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), CABG, or other surgical procedures in the setting of Effient [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
- If possible, manage bleeding without discontinuing Effient. Discontinuing Effient, particularly in the first few weeks after acute coronary syndrome, increases the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Effient contains prasugrel, a thienopyridine class inhibitor of platelet activation and aggregation mediated by the P2Y12 ADP receptor. Effient is formulated as the hydrochloride salt, a racemate, which is chemically designated as 5[(1RS)-2-cyclopropyl-1-(2-fluorophenyl)-2-oxoethyl]-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrothieno[3,2-c]pyridin-2-yl acetate hydrochloride. Prasugrel hydrochloride has the empirical formula C20H20FNO3S•HCl representing a molecular weight of 409.90. The chemical structure of prasugrel hydrochloride is:
Prasugrel hydrochloride is a white to practically white solid. It is soluble at pH 2, slightly soluble at pH 3 to 4, and practically insoluble at pH 6 to 7.5. It also dissolves freely in methanol and is slightly soluble in 1- and 2-propanol and acetone. It is practically insoluble in diethyl ether and ethyl acetate.
Effient is available for oral administration as 5-mg or 10-mg elongated hexagonal, film-coated, non-scored tablets, debossed on each side. Each yellow 5-mg tablet is manufactured with 5.49 mg prasugrel hydrochloride, equivalent to 5mg prasugrel and each beige 10-mg tablet with 10.98 mg prasugrel hydrochloride, equivalent to 10-mg of prasugrel.
Other ingredients include mannitol, hypromellose, low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, sucrose stearate, and glyceryl behenate. The color coatings contain lactose, hypromellose, titanium dioxide, triacetin, iron oxide yellow, and iron oxide red (only in Effient 10-mg tablet).
What are the possible side effects of prasugrel (Effient)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
- unusual bleeding such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or any bleeding that will not stop;
- pale skin, fever, easy bruising, purple or red spots under your skin;
- jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- unexpected vaginal bleeding;
- feeling very weak or dizzy;
- blood in your urine or stools, black or tarry...
Last reviewed on RxList: 7/29/2015
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Effient Information
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