"A unique type of poster placed in exam rooms helped reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory infections during flu season. The approach could help reduce costs and extend the usefulness of these drugs.
In patients 16 months to 5 years of age, no data are available to demonstrate improvement in disease-related symptoms or long term clinical outcome; however, treatment with ELAPRASE has reduced spleen volume similarly to that of adults and children 5 years of age and older.
The safety and efficacy of ELAPRASE have not been established in pediatric patients less than 16 months of age [see Use in Specific Populations].
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The recommended dosage regimen of ELAPRASE is 0.5 mg per kg of body weight administered once weekly as an intravenous infusion.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
Prepare and use ELAPRASE according to the following steps using aseptic technique:
- Determine the total volume of ELAPRASE to be
administered and the number of vials needed based on the patient's weight and
the recommended dose of 0.5 mg/kg.
Patient's weight (kg) × 0.5 mg per kg of ELAPRASE ÷ 2 mg per mL = Total mL of ELAPRASE
Total mL of ELAPRASE ÷ 3 mL per vial = Total number of vials
Round up to the next whole vial to determine the total number of vials needed. Remove the required number of vials from the refrigerator to allow them to reach room temperature.
- Before withdrawing the ELAPRASE solution from the vial, visually inspect each vial for particulate matter and discoloration. The ELAPRASE solution should be clear to slightly opalescent and colorless. Do not use if the solution is discolored or if there is particulate matter in the solution. Do not shake the ELAPRASE solution.
- Withdraw the calculated volume of ELAPRASE from the appropriate number of vials.
- Add the calculated volume of ELAPRASE solution to a 100 mL bag of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP for intravenous infusion.
- Mix gently. Do not shake the solution.
Administer the diluted ELAPRASE solution to patients using a low-protein-binding infusion set equipped with a low-protein-binding 0.2 micrometer (μm) in-line filter.
The total volume of infusion should be administered over a period of 3 hours, which may be gradually reduced to 1 hour if no hypersensitivity reactions are observed. Patients may require longer infusion times if hypersensitivity reactions occur; however, infusion times should not exceed 8 hours. The initial infusion rate should be 8 mL per hour for the first 15 minutes. If the infusion is well tolerated, the rate of infusion may be increased by 8 mL per hour increments every 15 minutes. The infusion rate should not exceed 100 mL per hour. The infusion rate may be slowed, temporarily stopped, or discontinued for that visit in the event of hypersensitivity reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. ELAPRASE should not be infused with other products in the infusion tubing.
Storage and Stability
ELAPRASE does not contain preservatives; therefore, after dilution with saline, the infusion bags should be used immediately. If immediate use is not possible, the diluted solution should be stored refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46 °F) for up to 24 hours. Other than during infusion, do not store the diluted ELAPRASE solution at room temperature. Any unused product or waste material should be discarded and disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Dosage Forms And Strengths
Injection: 6 mg/3 mL (2 mg/mL) in single-use vials
Storage And Handling
ELAPRASE is supplied as a sterile injection in a 5 mL Type I glass vial. The vials are closed with a butyl rubber stopper with fluororesin coating and an aluminum overseal with a blue flip-off plastic cap.
Each carton contains a single vial NDC 54092-700-01
Store ELAPRASE vials in the carton at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) to protect from light. Do not freeze or shake. Do not use ELAPRASE after the expiration date on the vial.
Manufactured by: Shire Human Genetic Therapies, Inc. 300 Shire Way Lexington, MA 02421. Phone # 1-866-888-0660. Revised: 06/2013
Last reviewed on RxList: 7/5/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Elaprase Information
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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