Eloctate

ELOCTATE™
[Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant), Fc Fusion Protein] for Intravenous Injection

DRUG DESCRIPTION

ELOCTATE, Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant), Fc Fusion Protein, is a sterile, non-pyrogenic, lyophilized powder for reconstitution for intravenous injection. The product is supplied in single use vials containing nominal potencies of 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1500, 2000 or 3000 international units (IU). Each vial of ELOCTATE is labeled with the actual content in IU. The powder for injection is reconstituted with 3 mL sterile water for injection (SWFI) supplied in a sterile prefilled syringe. The reconstituted product contains the excipients: sucrose, sodium chloride, L-histidine, calcium chloride and polysorbate 20. ELOCTATE contains no preservatives.

B-domain deleted recombinant Factor VIII, Fc fusion protein (BDD-rFVIIIFc) is the active ingredient in ELOCTATE. BDD-rFVIIIFc is a recombinant protein consisting of a B-domain deleted analogue of human Coagulation Factor VIII covalently linked to the human immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) Fc domain sequence. The Factor VIII portion of the molecule has a 90 kDa heavy chain and an 80 kDa light chain (similar to endogenous Factor VIII), which are linked by 14 (of 908) amino acids from the central B-domain. The FVIII portion has post-translational modifications comparable to endogenous Factor VIII. The Fc domain of the molecule contains the hinge, CH2, and CH3 regions of IgG1. BDD-rFVIIIFc contains 1890 amino acids with an apparent molecular weight of 220 kDa. The majority of the expressed protein is proteolytically processed to a two chain molecule; however ELOCTATE may also contain up to 39% of a single chain, non-processed form. Both molecules have been shown to have comparable Factor VIII activity.

BDD-rFVIIIFc is produced by recombinant DNA technology from a human embryonic kidney (HEK) cell line, which has been extensively characterized. The HEK cell line expresses BDD-rFVIIIFc into a defined, cell culture medium that does not contain any proteins derived from animal or human sources. BDD-rFVIIIFc is purified using a series of chromatography steps, including affinity capture with a recombinant, single chain antibody fragment produced in a yeast expression system. No human or animal derived proteins are used in the purification or formulation processes. The production process also incorporates two dedicated viral clearance steps - a detergent treatment step for inactivation and a 15 nm filtration step for removal of viruses.

Last reviewed on RxList: 8/14/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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