"The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved atazanavir and cobicistat (Evotaz, Bristol-Myers Squibb) for treatment of adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection.
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Emtriva Patient Information Including Side Effects
Brand Names: Emtriva
Generic Name: emtricitabine (Pronunciation: em trye SYE ta been)
- What is emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
- What are the possible side effects of emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
- What is the most important information I should know about emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
- How should I take emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Emtriva)?
- What happens if I overdose (Emtriva)?
- What should I avoid while taking emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
- What other drugs will affect emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
- Where can I get more information?
What is emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
Emtricitabine is an antiviral medication that prevents human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cells from multiplying in your body.
Emtricitabine is for treating HIV, which causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Emtricitabine is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.
Emtricitabine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Emtriva 200 mg
capsule, blue/white, imprinted with 200 mg GILEAD
What are the possible side effects of emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
This medication may cause lactic acidosis (a build-up of lactic acid in the body, which can be fatal). Lactic acidosis can start slowly and get worse over time. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms of lactic acidosis, such as:
- muscle pain or weakness;
- numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs;
- trouble breathing;
- feeling dizzy, light-headed, tired, or very weak;
- stomach pain, nausea with vomiting; or
- fast or uneven heart rate.
Stop using emtricitabine and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:
- signs of a new infection such as fever, chills, sore throat, flu symptoms, easy bruising or unusual bleeding, loss of appetite, mouth sores;
- nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- increased sweating, tremors in your hands, anxiety, feeling irritable, sleep problems (insomnia);
- diarrhea, unexplained weight loss, menstrual changes, impotence, loss of interest in sex;
- swelling in your neck or throat (enlarged thyroid);
- weakness or prickly feeling in your fingers or toes;
- problems with walking, breathing, speech, swallowing, or eye movement; or
- severe lower back pain, loss of bladder or bowel control.
Less serious side effects may include:
- headache, dizziness;
- mild diarrhea, mild nausea, upset stomach;
- darkened patches of skin on your palms and/or soles;
- strange dreams;
- cough, runny nose;
- mild skin rash; or
- change in the shape or location of body fat (especially in the arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and trunk).
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Read the Emtriva (emtricitabine) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
What is the most important information I should know about emtricitabine (Emtriva)?
Some people develop lactic acidosis while taking emtricitabine. Early symptoms may get worse over time and this condition can be fatal. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms such as: muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, trouble breathing, stomach pain, nausea with vomiting, fast or uneven heart rate, dizziness, or feeling very weak or tired.
Emtricitabine may also cause severe liver damage, which can be fatal. Call your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms of liver problems: nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, or jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).
If you have hepatitis B you may develop liver symptoms after you stop taking this medication, even months after stopping. Your doctor may want to check your liver function for several months after you stop using emtricitabine. Visit your doctor regularly.
Taking this medication will not prevent you from passing HIV to other people. Do not have unprotected sex or share razors or toothbrushes. Talk with your doctor about safe ways to prevent HIV transmission during sex. Sharing drug or medicine needles is never safe, even for a healthy person.
Additional Emtriva Information
- Emtriva Drug Interactions Center: emtricitabine oral
- Emtriva Side Effects Center
- Emtriva Overview including Precautions
- Emtriva FDA Approved Prescribing Information including Dosage
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