May 22, 2017
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Encephalitis and Meningitis (cont.)

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What is encephalitis?

Encephalitis is brain inflammation.

What causes encephalitis?

  • Encephalitis is a rare condition that is most often caused by viruses.
  • It can also be caused by noninfectious diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and Behçet's disease.
  • The leading cause of severe encephalitis is the herpes simplex virus.
  • Other causes include enterovirus infections or mosquito-borne viruses.
  • The very young and the elderly are more likely to have more severe encephalitis.

Exposure to viruses can occur through breathing in respiratory droplets from infected people, certain insect bites, and direct skin contact.

What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?

The signs and symptoms of encephalitis can range from very mild flu-like symptoms to potentially life-threatening events. Signs and symptoms of encephalitis include

Anyone experiencing symptoms of encephalitis should see a doctor immediately.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/8/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/encephalitis_and_meningitis/article.htm

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