"By Matt McMillen
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD
April 9, 2015 -- Spring is finally here, and with it comes tree pollen. For people with allergies, that could spell misery. But despite the hars"...
EpiPen and EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors are indicated in the emergency treatment of allergic reactions (Type I) including anaphylaxis to stinging insects (e.g., order Hymenoptera, which include bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets and fire ants) and biting insects (e.g., triatoma, mosquitos), allergen immunotherapy, foods, drugs, diagnostic testing substances (e.g., radiocontrast media) and other allergens, as well as idiopathic anaphylaxis or exercise-induced anaphylaxis. EpiPen and EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors are intended for immediate administration in patients, who are determined to be at increased risk for anaphylaxis, including individuals with a history of anaphylactic reactions. Selection of the appropriate dosage strength is determined according to patient body weight (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION section).
Such reactions may occur within minutes after exposure and consist of flushing, apprehension, syncope, tachycardia, thready or unobtainable pulse associated with a fall in blood pressure, convulsions, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps, involuntary voiding, wheezing, dyspnea due to laryngeal spasm, pruritus, rashes, urticaria or angioedema.
EpiPen and EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors are intended for immediate self-administration as emergency supportive therapy only and are not a substitute for immediate medical care.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
EpiPen or EpiPen Jr Auto-Injector prescribers should ensure that the patient or caregiver understands the indications and use of this product. A health care provider should review the patient instructions and operation of the EpiPen or EpiPen Jr Auto-Injector, in detail, with the patient or caregiver. Inject EpiPen or EpiPen Jr intramuscularly or subcutaneously into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh, through clothing if necessary. See detailed Directions for Use on the accompanying Patient Instructions.
Selection of the appropriate dosage strength is determined according to patient body weight.
EpiPen Auto-Injector delivers 0.3 mg epinephrine injection (0.3 mL, 1:1000) and is intended for patients who weigh 30 kg or more (approximately 66 pounds or more).
EpiPen Jr Auto-Injector delivers 0.15 mg epinephrine injection (0.3 mL, 1:2000) and is intended for patients who weigh 15 to 30 kg (33 -66 pounds).
Each EpiPen or EpiPen Jr Auto-Injector contains a single dose of epinephrine. Since the doses of epinephrine delivered from EpiPen or EpiPen Jr Auto-Injector are fixed, consider using other forms of injectable epinephrine if doses lower than 0.15 mg are deemed necessary. The prescriber should carefully assess each patient to determine the most appropriate dose of epinephrine, recognizing the life-threatening nature of the reactions for which this drug is indicated. With severe persistent anaphylaxis, repeat injections with an additional EpiPen Auto-Injector may be necessary.
Patients should be instructed to periodically visually inspect the epinephrine solution for particulate matter and discoloration. If the solution contains particulate matter or develops a pinkish or brown color, the patient should immediately contact their physician for a replacement, since these changes indicate that the effectiveness of the drug product may be decreased.
EpiPen Auto-Injectors (epinephrine injections, USP, 1:1000, 0.3 mL) are available in individual cartons, NDC 49502-500-01, and as EpiPen 2-Pak®, NDC 49502-500-02, a pack that contains two EpiPen Auto-Injectors (epinephrine injections, USP, 1:1000, 0.3 mL) and one EpiPen Auto-Injector trainer device.
EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors (epinephrine injection, USP, 1:2000, 0.3 mL) are available in individual cartons, NDC 49502-501-01, and as EpiPen Jr 2-Pak®, NDC 49502-501-02, a pack that contains two EpiPen Jr Auto-Injectors (epinephrine injections, USP, 1:2000, 0.3 mL) and one EpiPen Auto-Injector trainer device.
EpiPen 2-Pak® and EpiPen Jr 2-Pak® also includes an S-clip to clip two cases together.
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C30°C (59°F-86°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Contains no latex. Protect from light.
Manufactured for: Mylan Specialty L.P., Napa, CA 94558, USA by Meridian Medical Technologies, Inc., Columbia, MD 21046, USA, a Pfizer company. 08/12
Last reviewed on RxList: 9/27/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Epipen Information
Epipen - User Reviews
Epipen User Reviews
Now you can gain knowledge and insight about a drug treatment with Patient Discussions.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Allergies & Asthma
Improve treatments & prevent attacks.