June 27, 2016

Ergothioneine

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What other names is Ergothioneine known by?

1-carboxy-2-[2-mercaptoimidazole-4-(or 5)-yl]ethyl]-trimethyl-ammonium hydroxide, 2-Mercaptohistidine Trimethylbetaine, Ergothionéine, Ergotioneina, Erythrothioneine, ET, L-Ergo, L-Ergothioneine, S-alpha-carboxy-2,3-dihydro-N,N-N,-trimethyl-thioxo-1H-imidazole-4-eth-anaminium hydroxide, Sympectothion, Thiasine, Thiazine, Thiolhistidinebetaine, Thioneine, Thionéine, Thiozine.

What is Ergothioneine?

Ergothioneine is an amino acid that is found mainly in mushrooms, but also in king crab, meat from animals that have grazed on grasses containing ergothioneine, and other foods. Amino acids are chemicals that are the building blocks for proteins. Ergothioneine is used as medicine.

People take ergothioneine for liver damage, cataracts, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and heart disease.

Ergothioneine is sometimes applied directly to the skin to prevent wrinkles, reduce signs of aging skin, and reduce sun damage.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Liver damage.
  • Cataracts.
  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Heart disease.
  • Preventing wrinkles and reducing signs of aging, when applied to the skin.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of ergothioneine for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).


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