Esophageal Cancer (cont.)
In this Article
- Esophageal cancer facts*
- What is the esophagus?
- What is cancer?
- What are the types of esophageal cancer?
- What is a tumor grade test?
- What tests are used to determine the stage of esophageal cancer?
- What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
- Stages I and II of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus
- Stages I and II of squamous cell cancer of the esophagus
- Stages III and IV of esophageal cancer (both types)
- What is the treatment for esophageal cancer?
- What doctors treat esophageal cancer?
- Should people get a second opinion after an esophageal cancer diagnosis?
- Radiation Therapy
- Targeted Therapy
- What follow-up care is necessary during recovery after esophageal cancer treatment?
- Where can people with esophageal cancer find support?
- What research is being done on esophageal cancer?
- Find a local Oncologist in your town
Types of Esophageal Cancer
In 2013, about 18,000 Americans will be diagnosed with esophageal cancer.
The two most common types are named for how the cancer cells look under a microscope:
- AC: About 12,000 Americans will be diagnosed with AC (adenocarcinoma) of the esophagus in 2013. In the United States, AC is the most common type of esophageal cancer. Usually, AC tumors are found in the lower part of the esophagus, near the stomach. AC of the esophagus may be related to having acid reflux (the backward flow of stomach acid), having a disease of the lower esophagus known as Barrett esophagus, or being obese.
- SCC: About 6,000 Americans will be diagnosed with SCC (squamous cell carcinoma) of the esophagus in 2013. In other parts of the world, SCC is the most common type of esophageal cancer. Usually, SCC tumors are found in the upper part of the esophagus. SCC of the esophagus may be related to being a heavy drinker of alcohol or smoking tobacco.
If you smoke, talk with an expert about quitting. It's never too late to quit. Quitting can help cancer treatments work better. It may also reduce the chance of getting another cancer.
To get help with quitting smoking...
- Go online to Smokefree.gov.
- Call NCI's Smoking Quitline at 1-877-44U-QUIT (1-877-448-7848).
- Sign up for the free mobile service SmokefreeTXT to get tips and encouragement to quit. To sign up, text the word QUIT to IQUIT (47848) from your mobile phone. Or, go to http://smokefree.gov/smokefreetxt/ Signup.aspx
After you learn that you have cancer of the esophagus, you may need other tests to help with making decisions about treatment.
Tumor Grade Test
The tumor tissue that was removed during your biopsy procedure can be used in lab tests. The pathologist studies tissue samples under a microscope to learn the grade of the tumor. The grade tells how different the tumor tissue is from normal esophagus tissue.
Tumors with higher grades tend to grow faster than those with lower grades. They are also more likely to spread. Doctors use tumor grade along with other factors to suggest treatment options.
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