February 22, 2017
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Esophagitis

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Facts and definition of esophagitis

  • Esophagitis is defined as inflammation of the esophagus, which is the tube that connects the throat to the stomach.
  • Esophagitis can be caused by infection, irritation of the esophagus, or inflammation of the lining of the esophagus.
  • There are several types of esophagitis: reflux esophagitis, infectious esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, eosinophilic esophagitis, Behçet's syndrome (also called Behçet's disease), graft-versus-host disease, and cancer esophagitis. 
  • Signs and symptoms of esophagitis include
  • Esophagitis is treated by a gastroenterologist, a specialist in conditions of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Tests to help diagnose esophagitis include esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), esophageal manometry, and an upper GI series or barium swallow.
  • Treatment for esophagitis depends on its cause. It may be treated with medications, endoscopy, stretching (dilatation) of the esophagus, surgery, and lifestyle changes.
  • Diet can often help reduce symptoms of esophagitis. The GERD diet is aimed at reducing acid reflux, the main cause of esophagitis.
  • Complications of esophagitis include bleeding, ulcers, chronic scarring, difficult or painful swallowing, and malnutrition. Barrett's esophagus is a complication that increases the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • The prognosis for esophagitis depends on the underlying cause. Esophagitis caused by infection or inflammation is generally treatable and most people can recover fully. Esophagitis caused by reflux can recur frequently. Many people with GERD develop Barrett's esophagus, which increases the risk for cancer. The outlook for patients with eosinophilic esophagitis is favorable. It is a chronic, relapsing condition, but not usually life-threatening. Achalasia is progressive, but treatable.

What is esophagitis?

Esophagitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the esophagus, which is the tube that connects the throat to the stomach. There are several types of esophagitis depending on the cause. Esophagitis can be caused by infection, irritation of the esophagus, or inflammation of the lining of the esophagus.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/16/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/esophagitis/article.htm

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