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Ethyl Chloride

Last reviewed on RxList: 11/5/2008
Drug Description

Ethyl Chloride
Topical Anesthetic Skin Refrigerant

DESCRIPTION

Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride® is a vapocoolant (skin refrigerant) intended for topical application.

Product Identification

Trade Name / Synonym: Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride® Revision Date: May 19, 2005
Chemical Name / Synonyms: Ethyl Chloride, Chloroethane, Hydrochloric Ether Chemical Family: Halogenated Hydrocarbon
Formula: C2H5Cl Molecular Weight: 64.52

Source: Material Safety Data Sheet
GEBAUER COMPANY
4444 E. 153rd STREET
CLEVELAND, OH 44128
1-800-321-9348 toll free or (216) 581-3030
FAX (216) 581-4970; WEBSITE: www.gebauerco.com
AFTER HOURS EMERGENCY: CHEMTREC (800) 424-9300 or 703-527-3887

For Consumers

What are the precautions when taking ethyl chloride (Ethyl Chloride)?

Before using ethyl chloride, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history.

This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Discuss the risks and benefits with your...

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride is a vapocoolant (skin refrigerant) intended for topical application to control pain associated with injections, starting IV's and venipuncture, minor surgical procedures (such as lancing boils or incision and drainage of small abscesses), and the temporary relief of minor sports injuries. The medium and fine streams are also intended for use as a counterirritant in the management of myofascial pain, restricted motion, and muscle tension.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

DIRECTIONS FOR USE: To apply Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride from the amber bottle, hold the bottle inverted while spraying. Open the dispenseal spring valve completely allowing the Ethyl Chloride to flow from the bottle. To apply Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride from the aerosol can, hold can upright over the treatment area and depress the valve completely allowing Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride to spray from the can.

  1. PRE-INJECTION ANESTHESIA: Prepare the syringe. Swab the treatment area with an antiseptic. Amber bottle -spray the target area with Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride continuously for 3 to 7 seconds (aerosol can 4 to 10 seconds) from a distance of 3 to 9 inches (8-23 cm). Spray the area until the skin just turns white; do not frost the skin. With skin taut, quickly introduce the needle. Follow these directions for other types of needle insertion procedures such as starting IV's and venipuncture.
  2. TOPICAL ANESTHESIA IN MINOR SURGERY: Clean the operative site with a suitable antiseptic. Apply petrolatum to protect the adjacent area. Amber bottle - spray the target area with Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride continuously for 3 to 7 seconds (aerosol can 4 to 10 seconds) from a distance of 3 to 9 inches (8-23 cm). Spray the area until the skin just turns white; do not frost the skin. Promptly make incision. The anesthetic action of Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride lasts a few seconds to a minute.
  3. TEMPORARY RELIEF OF MINOR SPORTS INJURIES: The pain of bruises, contusions, swelling, and minor sprains may be controlled with Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride. The amount of cooling depends on the dosage. Dosage varies with duration of application. The smallest dose needed to produce the desired effect should be used. The anesthetic effect of ethyl chloride rarely lasts more than a few seconds to a minute.
    This time interval is usually sufficient to help reduce or relieve the initial trauma of the injury. Determine the extent of the injury (fracture, sprain, etc.). Amber bottle - spray the affected area from a distance of 3 to 9 inches (8-23 cm) for 3 to 7 seconds (aerosol can 4 to 10 seconds) until the skin just turns white; do not frost the skin. Avoid spraying the skin beyond this state. Use as you would ice.
  4. SPRAY AND STRETCH TECHNIQUE FOR MYOFASCIAL PAIN: Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride may be used as a counterirritant in the management of myofascial pain, restricted motion and muscle tension. Clinical conditions that may respond to Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride include low back pain (due to tight muscles), acute stiff neck, torticollis, acute bursitis of the shoulder, tight hamstrings, sprained ankle, tight masseter muscles and referred pains due to irritated trigger points. Relief of pain facilitates early mobilization and restoration of muscle function. The Spray and Stretch Technique is a therapeutic system that involves three states: Evaluation, Spraying, and Stretching. The therapeutic value of the Spray and Stretch Technique is most effective when the practitioner has mastered all of the stages and applies them in the proper sequence.

a. Evaluation

If the patient has been evaluated to have pain caused by an active, irritated trigger point then proceed to Step b.

b. Spraying

  1. Have the patient assume a comfortable position.
  2. Take precautions to cover the patient's eyes, nose and mouth if spraying near the face.
  3. Hold the bottle inverted. (Hold the can upright.) From a distance of 12 to 18 inches (30-46 cm) aim the stream so that it meets the skin at an acute angle to lessen the shock of impact.
  4. Direct the spray in parallel sweeps 0.5 to 1 inch (1.5-2 cm) apart at the rate of approximately 4 inches/second (10 cm/second). Continue until the entire muscle has been covered. The number of sweeps is determined by the size of the muscle. The spray should be applied from the muscle attachment over the trigger point, through and over the reference zone.

c. Stretching

Passively stretch the muscle during spray application. Gradually increase the force with successive sweeps. As the muscle relaxes, smoothly take up the slack by establishing a new stretch length. It is necessary to reach the full normal length of the muscle to completely inactivate the trigger point and relieve the pain. Rewarm the muscle. If necessary, repeat the procedure. Apply moist heat for 10 to 15 minutes following treatment. For lasting benefit, eliminate any factors that perpetuate the trigger mechanism.

HOW SUPPLIED

CONTENTS: Ethyl chloride

STORAGE: Contents under pressure. Store in a cool place. Do not store above 120°F (50°C). Do not use near fire or flame or place on hot surfaces.

DISPOSAL: Dispose of in accordance with local, state, and national regulations.

For more information about this product contact Gebauer Company.To order Gebauer’s Ethyl Chloride, ask for:

  • Fine Stream Spray - 3.5 oz. Glass Bottle - P/N 0386-001-04
  • Medium Stream Spray - 3.5 oz. Glass Bottle - P/N 0386-001-03
  • Mist Spray - 3.5 oz. Can - P/N 0386-0001-02
  • Medium Stream Spray - 3.5 oz. Can - P/N 0386-001-06

Call for a distributor near you. 800-321-9348. www.gebauerco.com. FDA revision date: n/a

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

Cutaneous sensitization may occur, but appears to be extremely rare. Freezing can occasionally alter skin pigmentation.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No information provided

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

For external use only. Do not spray in the eyes. Skin absorption of ethyl chloride can occur; no cases of chronic poisoning have been reported. Ethyl chloride is known as a liver and kidney toxin; long-term exposure may cause liver or kidney damage.

WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer.

KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN

PRECAUTIONS

Do not spray in eyes. Inhalation of ethyl chloride should be avoided as it may produce narcotic and general anesthetic effects, and may produce deep anesthesia or fatal coma with respiratory or cardiac arrest. Ethyl chloride is FLAMMABLE and should never be used in the presence of an open flame or electrical cautery equipment. When used to produce local freezing of tissues, adjacent skin areas should be protected by an application of petrolatum. The thawing process may be painful, and freezing may lower local resistance to infection and delay healing.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No information provided

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Ethyl chloride is contraindicated in individuals with a history of hypersensitivity to it.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

No information provided

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

No information provided. Please refer to the WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS sections.

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