"Young children have died or become seriously ill from accidental exposure to a skin patch containing fentanyl, a powerful pain reliever. As a result of this, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a Drug Safety Communication to warn pa"...
Acute emergencies from local anesthetics are generally related to high plasma concentrations encountered during therapeutic use of local anesthetics or to unintended intravascular injection of local anesthetic solution [See WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and ADVERSE REACTIONS].
In the clinical study program, maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) values of approximately 34,000 ng/mL were reported and likely reflected inadvertent intravascular administration of EXPAREL or systemic absorption of EXPAREL at the surgical site. The plasma bupivacaine measurements did not discern between free and liposomal-bound bupivacaine making the clinical relevance of the reported values uncertain; however, no discernable adverse events or clinical sequelae were observed in these patients.
EXPAREL is contraindicated in obstetrical paracervical block anesthesia. While EXPAREL has not been tested with this technique, the use of bupivacaine HCl with this technique has resulted in fetal bradycardia and death.
Last reviewed on RxList: 11/10/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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