Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) (cont.)
John Mersch, MD, FAAP
Dr. Mersch received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, San Diego, and prior to entering the University Of Southern California School Of Medicine, was a graduate student (attaining PhD candidate status) in Experimental Pathology at USC. He attended internship and residency at Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) facts
- What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
- What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
- What are risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome?
- What are symptoms and signs of fetal alcohol syndrome?
- How do physicians diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome?
- What is the treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome?
- What are the complications and long-term effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
- What is the prognosis of fetal alcohol syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
- Is it safe to consume alcohol and breastfeed?
- Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome?
What is the prognosis of fetal alcohol syndrome?
As noted in the above discussion, an individual with FAS may experience a lifelong litany of both physical and intellectual challenges. Early intervention programs and multi-therapy programs (including physical therapy) may often lessen the impact of the diagnosis.
Is it possible to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
Yes! Avoid all alcohol consumption while planning for conception and during pregnancy.
Is it safe to consume alcohol and breastfeed?
The concentration of alcohol in breast milk is very similar to maternal blood levels. Potential consequences include a reduction in breast milk consumption, alteration of newborn sleep and wake cycles, and possible delay of motor development at 1 year of age.
Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome?
Medically reviewed by Margaret Walsh, MD; American Board of Pediatrics
Lyons Jones, Kenneth, et al. Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation, 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 1997.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs)." Jan. 30, 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/index.html>.
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