Fibromyalgia Facts (cont.)
Catherine Burt Driver, MD
Catherine Burt Driver, MD, is board certified in internal medicine and rheumatology by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Dr. Driver is a member of the American College of Rheumatology. She currently is in active practice in the field of rheumatology in Mission Viejo, Calif., where she is a partner in Mission Internal Medical Group.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Fibromyalgia facts
- What is fibromyalgia?
- What causes fibromyalgia?
- Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
- What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
- What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
- How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
- What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
- Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
- Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
- What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
- Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
- Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
- What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
- Fibromyalgia FAQs
- Find a local Rheumatologist in your town
Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
Increasing evidence supports a strong genetic component to fibromyalgia. Siblings, parents, and children of a person with fibromyalgia are eight times more likely to have fibromyalgia than those who have no relatives with the condition. There are several genes that have been suspected to play a role in fibromyalgia. Studies in twins suggest that half the risk of fibromyalgia and related disorders is genetic and half is environmental.
What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
Because it is in part hereditary, a family history of fibromyalgia is a risk factor for the development of fibromyalgia. Other risk factors include autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and ankylosing spondylitis, as patients with these diseases are more likely to have fibromyalgia than the general population. These patients are referred to as having "secondary fibromyalgia" because the autoimmune disease may trigger fibromyalgia.
Other emotional and physical stressors such as physical trauma (especially involving the spine and trunk), emotional stress, and certain infections (hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr virus, parvovirus, and Lyme disease but not the common cold) are associated with the development of fibromyalgia in some.
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