August 31, 2015
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Food Poisoning (cont.)

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What are the complications of food poisoning?

The first and most important complication of food poisoning is dehydration. Food poisoning can cause significant loss of body water and changes in the electrolyte levels in the blood.

If the affected individual has underlying medical conditions requiring medication, persistent vomiting may make it difficult to swallow and digest those medications.

Other complications of food poisoning are specific to the type of infection. Some are listed in the causes of food poisoning such as HUS, TTP, or encephalopathy.

What is the prognosis for someone with food poisoning?

Fortunately, most cases of food poisoning resolve within a few hours to days and the affected individual returns to normal function.

Depending upon the cause of the infection, and the patient's underlying medical condition, the infection may cause significant organ damage and even death.

REFERENCES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Estimates of Foodborne Illness in the United States. Jan 08, 2014
<http://www.cdc.gov/foodborneburden/http://www.cdc.gov/foodborneburden/>

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Listeriosis Outbreak Associated with Mexican-Style Cheese - California. May 02, 2001
<http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00000562.htmhttp://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00000562.htm>

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Multistate Outbreak of Listeriosis Associated with Jensen Farms Cantaloupe - United States, August--September 2011.=
<http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6039a5.htmhttp://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6039a5.htm>

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cyclosporiasis Outbreak Investigations - United States, 2013 (Final Update). Dec 02, 2013
<http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/cyclosporiasis/outbreaks/investigation-2013.htmlhttp://www.cdc.gov/parasites/cyclosporiasis/outbreaks/investigation-2013.html>


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/31/2015

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/food_poisoning/article.htm

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