Fragile X Syndrome (cont.)
In this Article
- Fragile X syndrome facts*
- What is Fragile X syndrome?
- What causes Fragile X syndrome?
- What keeps the FMR1 gene from producing FMRP in Fragile X syndrome?
- Human cells 101
- How many people are affected by Fragile X syndrome?
- How is Fragile X syndrome inherited?
- What are the signs and symptoms of Fragile X syndrome?
- Intelligence and learning
- Social and emotional
- Speech and language
- Is there a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
- Are there treatments for Fragile X syndrome?
- Educational options
- Therapeutic options
- Medication options
- What are the options for adults who have Fragile X syndrome?
- What should I do if I find out someone in my family has Fragile X syndrome?
- What is being done to develop treatments or a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
- Where can I go for more information about Fragile X syndrome?
Currently, there is no medication that can cure Fragile X. Further, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved any drugs specifically for the treatment of Fragile X or its causes. But, in many cases, medications18 have been used to treat many of the symptoms associated with Fragile X, as shown in the table on the next page. Please note that the NICHD does not endorse or support the use of any of these medications in treating symptoms of Fragile X syndrome, or for other conditions for which the medications are not FDA approved.
Medication is most effective when paired with therapy designed to teach new coping skills or behavior. Not every medication helps every child with behavioral symptoms related to Fragile X. Doctors usually prescribe these kinds of medications on a trial basis, to see if they help. If so, the doctor may need to adjust the dose to meet the needs of each child.
This chart is meant for reference ONLY and should not take the place of your health care provider's advice. You should discuss any questions you may have about medication with your health care provider directly.
Some of these medications have serious risks involved with their use; others may make symptoms worse at first or may take several weeks to become effective. Doctors may have to try different dosages or different combinations of medications to find the most effective plan. Families, caregivers, and doctors need to work together to ensure that a medication is working, and that a medication plan is safe.
(with or without hyperactivity)
(often occurs with ADD/ADHD)
Intermittent explosive disorder
(often occurs with anxiety and/or depression)
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